CSULB Gerontology Program faculty maintain an active and rigorous research agenda, presenting their work regularly through publication in professional journals or presenting at international, national, state, and local conferences.
Faculty Research and Presentations
Below is a selection of publications by Gerontology Program faculty members. Names of faculty members appear in bold.
Claver, M., Wyte-Lake, T., & Dobalian, A. (March 2018). VA Home-Based Primary Care Patient Assessment Tool for Disaster Planning. Paper presented at Association for Gerontology in Higher Education, Atlanta, GA.
Hart, C.M.D., Freidman, E.A.Z., Hill, M. (2018). Online Course-taking and Student Outcomes in California Community Colleges. Education Finance and Policy (13:1).
Franks, M. M., Richards, E. A., McDonough, M. H., Christ, S. L., Marshall, M. E. (2018). Walking for our health: A couple-focused physical activity intervention. International Journal on Heath Promotion and Education. https://doi.org/10.1080/14635240.2018.1522266
Watkins, N., Fedesco, H., & Marshall, M. (in press). Student perceptions and performance in online versus flipped diversity courses: Is there too much distance in distance learning? Journal of Excellence in College Teaching.
Dobalian, A., Claver, M., Riopelle, D., Wyte-Lake, T., & Canelo, I. (2017). The Development of a Veterans Health Administration Emergency Management Research Agenda. PLOS Currents Disasters.
Claver, M. & Goeller, C. (2017). Exploring cultural death practices through group presentations. In H. Baker, T. M. Kruger, & R. Karasik (Eds.). Teaching Courses on Aging: Experiential Learning Activities to Engage Students. Springer Publishing Company.
Claver, M., Goeller, C., & Ionescu, E. (2017). Service learning fair. In H. Baker, T. M. Kruger, & R. Karasik (Eds.). Teaching Courses on Aging: Experiential Learning Activities to Engage Students. Springer Publishing Company.
Wyte-Lake, T., Claver, M., Olson, D., Connelly, M. Fickel, J., Finne, K. & Yoshido, Y. (November 2017). Harnessing Technology to Enhance Preparedness. Symposium presented at the National Healthcare Coalition Preparedness Conference, San Diego, CA.
Claver, M. & Mun, J. (April 2017). Fashion and the Experienced Consumer: An Interdisciplinary Educational Opportunity. Poster presented at the UCLA Conference on Aging, Los Angeles CA.
Claver, M., Wyte-Lake, T., Griffin, A., & Dobalian, A. (April 2017). PREP: Engaging Clinicians about Preparedness Poster presented at the UCLA Conference on Aging, Los Angeles CA.
Claver, M. & Mun, J. (April 2017). Fashion and the Experienced Consumer: An Interdisciplinary Educational Opportunity. Poster presented at the California Council on Gerontology and Geriatrics Annual Meeting, Long Beach, CA.
Claver, M., Wyte-Lake, T., & Dobalian, A. (April 2017). Field-Testing an Evidence-Based Disaster Preparedness Toolkit. Poster presented at the California Council on Gerontology and Geriatrics Annual Meeting, Long Beach, CA.
Henan, M. (2017). A Healthy Aging Curriculum, NOCCCD.
Elias, C. M., Shields, C. G., Griggs, J. J., Fiscella, K., Christ, S. L., Colbert, J., Henry, S. G., Hoh, B. G., Hunt, H. E. R., Marshall, M., Mohile, S. G., Plumb, S., Tejani, M. A., Venuti, A., Epstein, R. (2017). The Social and Behavioral Influences (SBI) Study: Study design and rationale for studying the effects of race and activation on cancer pain management. BMC Cancer. 17(1), 575. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12885-017-3564-2
Dobbs-Oates, J., Marshall, M., Kunberger, T., Greene, J. (2017). Deepening Disciplinary and Career-Focused Learning in Advanced Undergraduates: A Peer-Mentoring Approach. Oral presentation at the Lilly Conference on College Teaching; Miami University, Oxford, OH.
Marshall, M., Epstein, E., Fiscella, K., Griggs, J., Alexander, S. C., Friedman, E., Franks, M., Shields, C. G., (2017). “How are you coping?”: Addressing Psychosocial Health in Advanced Cancer Patients. Oral presentation at the International Conference on Communication in Healthcare Conference; Baltimore, MD.
Ingersoll, L., Alexander, S. C., Ladwig, L., Schrock, W.P., Marshall, M., Gramling, R., (2017). Do End-of-life Treatment Preferences Drive Goal Communication in Palliative Care? Poster presentation at the International Conference on Communication in Healthcare Conference; Baltimore, MD.
Marshall, M., Franks, M. M., Richards, E., McDonough, M., Christ, S., (2017). Walking for Our Health: Married Partners’ Collaboration to Promote Physical Activity. Poster presentation at the International Association of Gerontology and Geriatrics World Conference; San Francisco, CA.
Seidel, A., Marshall, M., Franks, M. M., Oates, S., (2017). He Said, She Said: Supportive Interactions Among Married Couples During Diabetes Appointments. Oral presentation at the International Association of Gerontology and Geriatrics World Conference; San Francisco, CA.
Kunberger, T., Dobbs-Oates, J., Marshall, M., Greene, J. (2017). The Mentor Experience: Undergraduate Near-Peer Mentor Outcomes across Two Institutions. Oral presentation at the Scholarship of Teaching & Learning Conference; Savannah, GA.
McDonough, M.H., Richards, E.A., Franks, M.M., Christ, S., and Marshall, M. (2017). Spousal attempts to support activity through pressure and persuasion associated with declines in physical activity in a walking intervention with older adult couples. Canadian Society for Psychomotor Learning and Sport Psychology conference, St. John’s, NL.
Marshall, M. (2017). “Oh Dear!”: Addressing Psychosocial Health in Advanced Cancer Patients. Oral presentation at Scholars in the Spotlight event, Center on Aging and the Life Course, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN..
Wyte-Lake, T., Claver, M., Der-Martirosian, C. & Dobalian, A. (2016). Developing a home-based primary care disaster preparedness toolkit. Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2016.145. Published online: 14 November 2016, pp. 1-8.
Claver, M., Wong, E., & Ionescu, E. (November 2016). Ethical Considerations of Sexual Expression in Long-Term Care. Poster presented at the 66th Annual Scientific Meeting of the Gerontological Society of America, New Orleans, LA.
Claver, M., Wyte-Lake, T., & Dobalian, A. (November 2016). The Development of a Disaster Preparedness Toolkit for Home-Based Primary Care. Poster presented at the 66th Annual Scientific Meeting of the Gerontological Society of America, New Orleans, LA.
Perkinson, M., Claver, M., DeLaTorre, A., & Cannon. M. (November 2016). Fostering Community-Based Service-Learning With Conference-Based Charrette Workshops: A Case Study. Poster presented at the 66th Annual Scientific Meeting of the Gerontological Society of America, New Orleans, LA.
Wyte-Lake, T., Claver, M., & Dobalian, A. (October 2016). Home Health Agencies: A Disaster Preparedness Toolkit. Poster accepted for presentation at the American Public Health Association Annual Meeting and Exposition, Denver, CO.
Goeller, C., Reiboldt, W., & Claver, M. (October 2016). Raising the E-Learning Bar through Online Course Assessment and Peer Training. Poster presented at CSU Symposium on Teaching and Learning, San Jose, CA.
Claver, M. & Kuo, T. (April 2016). Teaching Global Aging: Class Experiences from Faculty and Students Between the United States and Taiwan. Poster presented at 33rd Annual Meeting of the California Council on Gerontology and Geriatrics, Long Beach, CA.
Goeller, C., Claver, M., Jukema, J., & Kuo, T. (March 2016). A Global Partnership in Gerontology Education. Resource Exchange presentation presented at the Association for Gerontology in Higher Education's 40th Annual Meeting and Educational Leadership Conference, Long Beach, CA.
Claver, M. (March 2016). Fostering a Cross-Campus Gerontology Community of Practice. Poster presented at the Association for Gerontology in Higher Education's 40th Annual Meeting and Educational Leadership Conference, Long Beach, CA.
Perkinson, M. A., Dobson, E., Claver, M., & DeLaTorre, A. (March 2016). Charrette Planning for Age-Related Design Issues: Part I. Workshop presented at the Association for Gerontology in Higher Education's 40th Annual Meeting and Educational Leadership Conference, Long Beach, CA.
DeLaTorre, A., Claver, M., Perkinson, M. A., & Dobson, E. (March 2016). Charrette Planning for Age-Related Design Issues: Part II. Workshop presented at the Association for Gerontology in Higher Education's 40th Annual Meeting and Educational Leadership Conference, Long Beach, CA.
Claver, M. (March 2016). Fostering a Cross-Campus Gerontology Community of Practice. Poster presented at 21st Annual UCLA Research Conference on Aging, July 9, 2015, Los Angeles, CA.
Marshall, M. (2016). He Said, She Said: Supportive Interactions Among Married Couples during Diabetes Appointments. Oral presentation at the Home and Family Conference; Indianapolis, IN.
Richards, E., Franks, M., McDonough, M., Porter, K., & Marshall, M. (2016). Role of Spouses in Physical Activity Promotion: A Systematic Review. Poster presentation at the American Public Health Association Conference; Denver, CO.
Shields, C., Epstein, R., Griggs, J., Fiscella, K., Tejani, M., Elias, C., Christ, S., Marshall, M. (2016). Effect of Patient Race and Activation on Management of Uncontrolled Cancer Pain. Poster presentation at the International Conference on Communication in Healthcare, Heidelberg, Germany.
Marshall, M., Fedesco, H., Watkins, N. (2016). Does Course Format Matter When Learning About Diversity? Exploring Student Evaluations in Online Versus Hybrid Classroom Structures. Poster presentation at the Congress of Qualitative Inquiry, University of Illinois, Champaign-Urbana, IL.
Marshall, M., Walsh, J., Peterson, K., Franks, M., Oates, S. (2016). He Said, She Said: Supportive Interactions Among Married Couples during Diabetes Appointments. Poster presentation at the International Congress of Qualitative Inquiry, University of Illinois, Champaign-Urbana, IL.
Marshall, M. (2016). Developing Connections: Stepping out of your comfort zone. Keynote presentation at the HDFS Developing Connections event, Bowling Green State University, Bowling Green, OH.
Marshall, M. (2016). Communicating Your Research Effectively. Oral presentation for the Colombia Purdue Initiative, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN.
Claver, M., Lares, L., & Gelgur, L. (2015). Student reflections on service learning: Cognitive, affective and behavioral lessons. Journal of Community Engagement and Higher Education, 7(2).
Claver, M., Wyte-Lake, T., & Dobalian, A. (2015). Assessing Patient Disaster Preparedness in Home Based Primary Care. Gerontology, DOI: 10.1159/000439168
Claver, M., Wyte-Lake, T., & Dobalian, A. (2015). Disaster Preparedness in Home-Based Primary Care: Policy and Training. Prehospital and Disaster Medicine. 30(4), 1-7.
Wyte-Lake, T., Claver, M., & Dalton, S. (2015). Patient assessment and education in home health: A Literature Review. Home Healthcare Management & Practice. DOI: 10.1177/1084822314567536.
Wyte-Lake, T., Claver, M., & Dobalian, A. (December 2015). Identified Gaps in Home Health Agency Disaster Preparedness Protocols. Poster accepted at 2015 National Healthcare Coalition Preparedness Conference, San Diego, CA.
Claver, M., Wyte-Lake, T. & Dobalian, A. (July 2015). Evidence-Based Recommendations for Preparing Homebound Veterans for Disaster. Poster presented at 20th Annual UCLA Research Conference on Aging, Los Angeles, CA.
Wyte-Lake, T., Claver, M., Dalton, S., & Dobalian, A. (July 2015). Disaster Planning for Home Health Patients and Providers: Literature Review and Evidence-Based Recommendations for Best Practices. Poster presented at 20th Annual UCLA Research Conference on Aging, Los Angeles, CA.
Claver, M., Wyte-Lake, T., & Dobalian, A. (April 2015). Evidence-Based Recommendations for Preparing Homebound Veterans for Disaster. Poster presented at California Council on Gerontology and Geriatrics Annual Meeting, Long Beach, CA.
Wyte-Lake, T., Claver, M., & Dobalian, A. (April 2015). Disaster Preparedness in Home Based Primary Care: Policy and Training. Poster accepted at 2015 Preparedness Summit, Atlanta, GA.
LeBank, E., Claver, M., Gustin, L., & Sass, C. (April 2015). Enhancing Campus-Wide Engagement Through the Development of a Service Learning Community of Practice. Presentation at the 18th Annual Continuums of Service Conference, Long Beach, CA.
Claver, M., Goeller, C., Gustin, L., LeBank, E., & Sass, C. (March 2015). Fostering Grit through Engaged Learning. Poster presented at 2015 CSU Symposium on Teaching and Learning, Los Angeles, CA.
Hart, C.M.D., Hill, M. (2015). Online Course-taking and Student Outcomes in California Community Colleges. Paper presented at the National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER), Cambridge, MA.
Hart, C.M.D., Hill, M. (2015). Online Course-taking and Student Outcomes in California Community Colleges. Paper presented at the National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER), Cambridge, MA.
Hill, M. (2015) The Effect of Academic Coaching on Military and Veteran Undergraduates . Paper presented at the American Education Research Association Annual Conference, Chicago, IL
Hill, M. (2015) The Effect of Academic Coaching on Military and Veteran Undergraduates . Poster presented at Association for Education Finance and Policy (AEFP) Annual Conference, Washington DC.
Hill, M. (2015) Institutional Support for International Students: A Case Study. Paper presented at the Hawaii International Conference on Education, Honolulu, HI.
Marshall, M., Briggs, J., Oates, S., Franks, M. M., & Shields, C. G. (2015). Language use in married couples during diabetes medical encounters. Poster presentation at the International Conference on Communication in Healthcare, New Orleans, LA.
Elias, C. M., Shields, C. G., Marshall, M., Fuzzell, L., Griggs, J. J., Fiscella, K., & Epstein, R. M. (2015). Prognosis discussion in end of life care: The role of physician burnout, relational attachment and gender. Poster presentation at the International Conference on Communication in Healthcare; New Orleans, LA.
Marshall, M. (2015). Pronoun Use and Perception of Health Support in Married Couples. Oral presentation at Scholars in the Spotlight event, Center on Aging and the Life Course, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN.
Claver, M. & Goeller, C. (February 2014). Flipping the Blended-Learning Classroom. Poster accepted for Association for Gerontology in Higher Education's 40th Annual Meeting and Educational Leadership Conference, Denver, CO
Wyte, T., Claver, M., Griffin, A., & Dobalian, A. (2014). The role of the home-based provider in disaster preparedness of a vulnerable population. Gerontology, DOI: 10.1159/000355660.
Wyte-Lake, T., Claver, M. & Dobalian, A. (December 2014). Assessing Patient Disaster Preparedness in Home Based Primary Care. Poster presented at 5th Annual Advancing & Redefining Communities for Emergency Management (ARC) Conference, Los Angeles, CA
Claver, M., Wyte-Lake, T. & Dobalian, A. (December 2014). Disaster Preparedness in Home Based Primary Care: Policy & Training. Poster presented at 5th Annual Advancing & Redefining Communities for Emergency Management (ARC) Conference, Los Angeles, CA
Wyte-Lake, T., Claver, M., Dalton, S., & Dobalian, A. (December 2014). Disaster Planning for Home Health Patients and Providers: Literature Review and Evidence-Based Recommendations for Best Practices. Poster presented at 5th Annual Advancing & Redefining Communities for Emergency Management (ARC) Conference, Los Angeles, CA
Dalton, S., Wyte, T., Claver, M. & Dobalian, A. (April 2014). Disaster Planning for Home Health Patients and Providers: Literature Review and Evidence-Based Recommendations for Best Practices. Poster accepted for the 2014 Preparedness Summit, Atlanta, Georgia.
Claver, M., Wyte, T. & Dalton, S. (March 2014). Disaster Preparedness in Home-Based Primary Care: Phase II. Presentation accepted at American Society on Aging Conference, San Diego, CA.
Marshall, M., Briggs, J. G., Fuzzell, L., Oates, S. K., Franks, M. M., Shields, C. G. (2014) Gender Differences in Spouse Involvement During Diabetes Medical Encounters. Poster presentation at the Gerontological Society of America, Annual Scientific Meeting; Washington DC.
Claver, M., & Goeller, C. (2013). Logging in and getting out: Service Learning in an Online Course. Generativity, Issue 5.
Horn-Mallers, M., Claver, M., & Lares, L. (2013). Perceived control in the lives of older adults: The Influence of Langer and Rodin’s work on gerontological theory, policy, and practice. The Gerontologist, doi: 10.1093/geront/gnt051.
Claver, M., Dobalian, A., Fickel, J., Ricci, K., & Horn-Mallers, M. (2013). Comprehensive Care for Vulnerable Elderly Veterans During Disasters. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, 56, 205- 213.
Claver, M. (2013). Disaster recovery scams. The Encyclopedia of Consumer Safety and Protection, M. Horn-Mallers & W. Reiboldt (Eds.). ABC-CLIO.
Claver, M. (2013). Nursing home rights. The Encyclopedia of Consumer Safety and Protection, M. Horn- Mallers & W. Reiboldt (Eds.). ABC-CLIO.
Claver, M. & Kuo, T. (November 2013). Gerontology Education through Global Partnership. Session at post-conference workshop at the 66th Annual Scientific Meeting of the Gerontological Society of America, New Orleans, LA.
Claver, M. & Wyte, T. (November 2013). Disaster Preparedness in Home-Based Primary Care. Presentation as part of Emergency Preparedness and Response in the Aging Population Symposium at the 66th Annual Scientific Meeting of the Gerontological Society of America, New Orleans, LA.
Claver, M. & Horn-Mallers, M. (November 2013). Emergency Preparedness and Response in the Aging Population. Presentation as part of Emergency Preparedness and Response in the Aging Population Symposium at the 66th Annual Scientific Meeting of the Gerontological Society of America, New Orleans, LA.
Horn-Mallers, M. & Claver, M. L. (February 2013). Infusing Gerontological Curricula into Non-Gerontology Courses. Poster presented at the Association for Gerontology in Higher Education's 39th Annual Meeting and Educational Leadership Conference, St. Petersburg, FL.
Claver, M. L. (February 2013). Reflections on Service Learning: The Student Perspective. Poster presented at the 16th Annual CSU Teaching Symposium, Vallejo, CA.
Goeller, C. (2013) Privacy Online. In Reiboldt, W., W. and Mallers, M.H. (Eds.). (2013). Consumer Survival: Encyclopedia of Consumer Rights, Safety, and Protection. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO.
Henan, M. (2013). Best practices in training and development, ACU Research Presentation
Henan, M. (2013). Communicating expectations in marital relationships. ACU Research Presentation
Lares, L., Horn-Mallers, M. & Claver, M. (April 2013). Perceived control in the lives of older adults:The influence of Langer and Rodin’s work. Poster presented at the 33rd California Council on Gerontology and Geriatrics Annual Meeting, Los Angeles, CA.
Horn-Mallers, M. & Claver, M. L. (April 2013). Infusing Gerontological Curricula into Non-Gerontology Courses. Poster presented at the 33rd California Council on Gerontology and Geriatrics Annual Meeting, Los Angeles, CA.
Schlesinger, C. (2013). Estate planning issues. In Reiboldt, W. & Horn-Mallers, M. (Eds.). Consumer survival: An encyclopedia of consumer rights, safety, and protection. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO.
Claver, M., Friedman, D., Dobalian, A., & Horn-Mallers, M. (2012). The role of Veterans Affairs in emergency management: A systematic literature review. PLoS Currents in Disasters, 2012 Dec 12. Edition 1. doi: 10.1371/198d344bc40a75f927c9bc5024279815
Claver, M. & Horn-Mallers, M. (2012). Leadership opportunities for Social Work and Gerontology Faculty: Taking steps to infuse aging content on university campuses. Generativity, Issue 4 (accepted for publication November 29, 2012, published online December 20, 2012).
Claver, M. L. & Lares, L. (November 2012). Reflections on Service Learning: The Student Perspective. Poster presented at the 2012 Annual Meeting of the Gerontological Society of America, San Diego, CA.
Claver, M. L., Wyte, T., Ricci, K., Tran, K., & Griffin, A. (November 2012). Assessment of a Vulnerable Population for Disaster Preparedness. Poster presented at the 2012 Annual Meeting of the Gerontological Society of America, San Diego, CA.
Antonucci, T., Claver, M., Fitzgerald, K., Keating, N., Kunkel, S., Kuo, T., Neal, M., Perkinson, M. A., Whittington, F., & Zepeda, M. U. P. (November 2012). Facilitating Global Collaborations in Gerontological Research, Education, & Practice. Pre-conference workshop presented at the 2012 Annual Meeting of the Gerontological Society of America, San Diego, CA
Claver, M. L., Wyte, T., & Gin, J. (May 2012). Bringing Disaster Preparedness Home for Veterans: Assessing Needs, Addressing Gaps. Poster presented at the NACCHO Annual 2012 Conference; Los Angeles, CA.
Claver, M. L., Wyte, T., & Gin, J. (May 2012). Bringing Disaster Preparedness Home for Veterans: Assessing Needs, Addressing Gaps. Poster presented at The West LA VA Research Day; Los Angeles, CA.
Claver, M. & Scherwin. V. (April 2012). Ethical Leadership of an Intergenerational Workforce. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the California Council on Gerontology and Geriatrics, Los Angeles, CA.
Claver, M. L., Wyte, T., & Gin, J. (February 2012). Bringing Disaster Preparedness Home for Veterans: Assessing Needs, Addressing Gaps. Poster presented at the Public Health Preparedness Summit, Anaheim, CA.
Kuo, T., Lai, A., & Claver, M. L. (February 2012). The Ten-Year Development of Gerontological Education in Taiwan. Paper presented at the 2012 Annual Conference of the Association of Gerontology in Higher Education, Arlington, VA.
Claver, M. L. & Kuo, T. (February 2012). Taking Gerontology Education Global. Poster presented at the 2012 Annual Conference of the Association of Gerontology in Higher Education, Arlington, VA.
Claver, M. (2011). Deciding to use the emergency room: A qualitative survey of older veterans. Journal of Gerontological Social Work, 54, 292-308.
Levy-Storms, L., Claver, M., Curry, L., Matthias, R., & Gutierrez, V. (2011). Individualized Care in Practice: Communication Strategies of Nursing Aides and Residents in Nursing Homes. Journal of Applied Communication Research, 39(3), 271-289.
Claver, M. L. (November 2011). Comprehensive Care for Vulnerable Elderly Veterans During Disasters. Poster presented at the 2011 Annual Conference of the Gerontological Society of America, Boston, MA.
Claver, M. L. (June 2011). An experiential graduate course in gerontology. Workshop presented at the 10th Annual Hawaii International Conference on Social Sciences, Honolulu, HI.
Claver, M. L. (May 2011). VA Nursing Home evacuation & sheltering in place due to Hurricanes Katrina & Rita. Paper presented at the 2011 VHA Comprehensive Emergency Management Program Evaluation and Research Conference. Baltimore, MD.
Claver, M. L. & Peacock, L. (April 2011). Adventures in Creating a Hybrid, Service Learning GE Gerontology Course. Workshop presented at the 2011 American Society on Aging/National Council on Aging Conference, San Francisco, CA.
Claver, M. L. & Lares, L. (April 2011). Teaching evidence-based health promotion through community engagement. Poster presented at the 2011 Annual Meeting of the California Council on Gerontology & Geriatrics, Sacramento, CA.
Pevnick, J. M., Claver, M., Dobalian, A., Asch, S. M., Stutman, H. R., Tomines, A., & Fu, Jr. P. (2010). Provider stakeholders’ perceived benefit from a nascent health information exchange: A qualitative analysis. Journal of Medical Systems, (DOI: 10.1007/s10916-010-9524-x).
Dobalian, A., Claver, M., Pevnick, J. M., Stutman, H. R., Tomines, A., & Fu, P. (2010). Organizational challenges in developing one of the nationwide health information network trial implementation awardees. Journal of Medical Systems, (DOI: 10.1007/s10916-010-9557-1).
Dobalian, A., Claver, M., & Fickel, J. J. (2010). Hurricanes Katrina and Rita and the Department of Veterans Affairs: A conceptual model for understanding the evacuation of nursing homes. Gerontology, (DOI: 10.1159/000302713)
Claver, M. & Levy-Storms, L. (2010). The revolving door: High ER use among older veterans. Qualitative Health Research, 20(3), 365-374.
Claver, M. (2010). Instructor’s manual and test bank for Hooyman & Kiyak: Social gerontology, A multidisciplinary perspective (9th ed.). Boston: Allyn & Bacon.
Claver, M., Scherwin, V., & Eckert, R. (May 11-24, 2010). Ethical leadership of an intergenerational workforce. Long Beach Business Journal.
Claver, M. L., Goeller, C., & Kuo, T. (November 2010). Taking Gerontology Education Global. Elluminate session presented at the 2010 Global Education Conference, Online: www.globaleducationconference.com
Claver, M. L., Friedman, D., & Dobalian, A. (July 2010). Results of a Systematic Literature Review On Veterans and VA. Poster presented at the 2010 Natural Hazards Conference, Broomfield, CO.
Dobalian, A., Claver, M. L., & Fickel, J. (July 2010). Hurricanes Katrina and Rita: Evacuating Veteran From VA Nursing Homes. Poster presented at the 2010 Natural Hazards Conference, Broomfield, CO.
Dobalian, A., Claver, M. L., Friedman, D., Riopelle, D., Wyte, T., & Canelo, I. (July 2010). The Development of an Emergency Management Research Agenda for the Veterans Health Administration. Poster presented at the 2010 Natural Hazards Conference, Broomfield, CO.
Dobalian, A., Claver, M. L., Friedman, D., Riopelle, D., Wyte, T., & Canelo, I. (June 2010). The Development of a U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs Emergency Management Research Agenda. Poster accepted at the 2010 Annual Research Meeting of Academy Health, Boston, MA.
Dobalian, A., Claver, M. L., Pevnick, J., Stutman, H., Tomines, A., & Fu, P. (June 2010). First Year Implementation Challenges in Developing the Nationwide Health Information Network. Poster presented at the 15th Annual UCLA Conference on Aging, Los Angeles CA.
Claver, M. L. (June, 2010). Improving Student Knowledge & Attitudes About Aging. Poster presented at the 15th Annual UCLA Conference on Aging, Los Angeles CA.
Dobalian, A., Claver, M. L., & Fickel, J. (May 2010). Evacuating Vulnerable Nursing Home Residents: Lessons Learned from Hurricanes Katrina & Rita. Presentation accepted at the 2010 Aging Services of California Annual Conference and Exposition. Long Beach, CA.
Claver, M. L. (May 2010). A Path to Success: Participation in HPPAE and Professional Development. Invited presentation.
Claver, M. L. (April 2010). Training Graduate Students in Evidence Based Health Promotion: A University/Community Agency Collaboration. Paper presented at the California Geriatric Education Center Faculty Development Invitational. Berkeley, CA.
Claver, M. L. & Patton, K. (April 2010). Training Graduate Students in Evidence Based Health Promotion: A University/Community Agency Collaboration. Paper presented at the California Council on Gerontology & Geriatrics Annual Meeting, Los Angeles, CA.
Claver, M. L. (March 2010). Medical Ethics. Chairperson for Concurrent Session VI at the 19th Annual Meeting of the Association for Practical and Professional Ethics, Cincinnati, OH.
Claver, M. L. (March, 2010). Improving Student Knowledge & Attitudes About Aging. Poster presented at the 7th Annual Joint Conference of the National Council on the Aging and the American Society on Aging, Chicago, IL.
Claver, M. (2009). Book review: “Aging Education: Teaching & Practice Strategies.” Journal of Gerontological Social Work, 52(2), 188-190.
Dobalian, A., Claver, M. L., Pevnick, J., Stutman, H., Tomines, A., & Fu, P. (November 2009). First Year Implementation Challenges in Developing the Nationwide Health Information Network. Poster presented at the 20th Annual Long Beach Research Symposium, Long Beach, CA.
Claver, M. L. (July 2009). Preliminary Results of a Literature Review of VA Emergency Preparedness and Response. Presentation given at the first annual VHA Emergency Management Conference, Washington, DC.
Claver, M. L. (July 2009). Barriers to Conducting Research on Emergency Preparedness and Response. Presentation given at the first annual VHA Emergency Management Conference, Washington, DC.
Claver, M. L. (May 2009). Reflection Journals: A Tool for Integrating Service Learning into Gerontology Curriculum. Poster presented at the 12th Annual CSU Regional Symposium on Teaching and Learning, San Luis Obispo, CA.
Claver, M. L. & Horn-Mallers, M. (April 2009). Current Ethical Challenges in Gerontology: Curriculum to Spark Classroom Discussion. Poster presented at the California Council on Gerontology and Geriatrics Annual Meeting, Northridge, CA.
Claver, M. L. (March 2009). Infusing Gero Curriculum with Service Learning. Workshop presented at the 6th Annual Joint Conference of the National Council on the Aging and the American Society on Aging, Las Vegas, NV.
Claver, M. & Horn-Mallers, M. (September 16-29, 2008). Why gerontology should be your business. Long Beach Business Journal.
Claver, M., O'Bryne, K., & Levis-Fitzgerald, M. (2008). Civic engagement in "Frontiers in Human Aging: Biomedical, Psychosocial & Policy Perspectives." In Civic Engagement in the First Year of College. M. J. LaBare (Ed.), New York: New York Times.
Claver, M. L. & Horn-Mallers, M. (November 2008). Ethical Challenges in Gerontology: Preparing our Future Leaders. Poster presented at the Annual Conference of the Gerontological Society of America, National Harbor, MD.
Claver, M. L. & Wallace, D. (October 2008). Enhancing Gerontology Education Through Community Engagement. Poster presented at 2008 CSULB Academic Senate Retreat, Long Beach, CA.
Claver, M. L. & Horn-Mallers, M. (June 2008). Ethical Challenges in Gerontology: Preparing our Future Leaders. Poster presented at the Annual UCLA Research Conference on Aging, Los Angeles, CA.
Student Theses/Directed Projects
CSULB Gerontology Program Masters Students are required to complete either a thesis or directed project as the culminating component of their program.
2019 Theses/Directed Projects
Katherine Muratalla - Exploring the Social Well-Being of Community-Dwelling Cuban, Mexican, and Puerto Rican Older Women Living in the United States
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to investigate the social well-being of Cuban, Mexican, and Puerto Rican community-dwelling older women 65 years of age and older residing in the United States. Specifically, this study explored the relationship between cultural identity and social well-being. An existing theoretical framework was used as foundation for defining social well-being as an aspect of quality of life. Results were consistent with existing research on the importance of the role of the family to an older Latina's social well-being. Further, results showed that cultural identity may be an important lens to identifying the value, the choices, and the reality of one's social well-being. One key finding was that Cuban participants experienced guilt or shame in leaving Cuba, which impacts their social well-being. This finding suggests that Gerontologists should investigate the barriers and facilitators to Latina's social well-being by country of origin, as aggregating data into "Hispanic" or "Latino" categories may not uncover the unique social needs of older adults. Future studies should repeat this study in a larger scale to allow for specific comparisons among older adults from differing Latina American countries of origin.
Alexandra Nicole Wilkinson – Stress Reduction for the Dementia Informal Care Partner: The Role of Companion Animals
Abstract: As the number of people diagnosed with dementia increases, more people will require the assistance of informal caregivers or care partners. Stress and burden are often associated with being an informal care partner. Companion animals are a potential solution to reduce the stress experienced by informal care partners. The Lexington Attachment to Pets Scale, the Kingston Caregiver Stress Scale, and a demographic survey was used to assess the association between attachment to a companion animal and perceived stress among informal care partners caring for someone with dementia. A non-randomized cross-sectional design was used to recruit participants. A total of 75 participants were included in the final sample size. Results indicated that there was a significantly strong correlation between companion animal attachment and perceived care partner stress, r(75) = -. 733, p < .001. Furthermore, female participants were significantly more attached to their companion animals than male participants, t(73) = - 6.976, p < .001. Female informal care partners were also significantly less stressed than male informal care partners, F(1, 67) = 5.3, p = .024, R 2 = .24. There will be a greater need for informal care partners as the number of older adults with dementia increases. Understanding their stress and finding methods to reduce their stress will be imperative. These results provide evidence that companion animals could be a beneficial method for providing stress relief to informal care partners.
Monserrat Ruiz Salvat - Educational Resources for Volunteer Neighborhood Watchers to Help Detect and Monitor Suspected Elder Abuse and Mistreatment
Abstract: The number of cases of elderly people in Spain who may be suffering some type of abuse is increasing. Some older victims of abuse do not know they are being abused. When they are aware of the abuse, they often do not seek help because of lack of knowledge about available resources and fear of consequences for them or their caregivers. Elderly people living socially isolated are at greater risk of abuse and neglect. Neighborhood watch volunteers are in an excellent position to detect at-risk elders and report suspected abuse to the police and social services. The Radars project in Barcelona is a neighborhood watch organization that includes neighbors, pharmacies and small businesses that work together to prevent the social isolation of elders. However, these volunteers do not receive training to detect seniors at risk of abuse and neglect. The purpose of this project was to develop an educational curriculum that provides training to neighborhood watch volunteers in Catalonia, Spain, to help improve the recognition of seniors in situations of abuse, or suspected abuse and neglect.
2018 Theses/Directed Projects
Antanique Darling - A Business Plan for Darling Suites: An Assisted Living Facility in Rock Island, IL (2018)
Abstract: Nonmedical, residential care settings, also known as assisted living facilities (ALFs), provide secure housing, personal services, food services, and 24-hour staffing. The demand for assisted living facilities are on the rise as the older adult population increases. In Illinois, there was a 4.4 percent increase in older adults aged 65 and older from the year 1990 to 2000. In Rock Island, IL, there are currently two ALFs, Fort Armstrong Senior Residence and Friendship Manor, as well as two nursing homes, Generations at Rock Island and St. Anthony’s Continuing Care. With the ever-growing older adult population, these facilities will not suffice. The purpose of this directed project was to develop a business plan for the creation of Darling Suites, an ALF for older adults aged 65 and older, to be located in Rock Island, IL, a community in need of facilities to meet a growing older adult population.
Natalie Favela, A Faith-based Program to Promote Soul Care for Family Caregivers of Older Adults (2018)
Abstract: The prevalence of informal family caregivers continues to grow as the older adult population in the United States continues to increase. The desire and obligation to care for a family member often puts relatives in situations they are not trained to handle physically, emotionally, and spiritually. For informal caregivers of the Christian faith, the motivation to care for their loved one is often rooted in the foundational command to "love your neighbor as yourself." Caregiving responsibilities can place a burden on caregivers who are ill equipped to provide personal soul care, which is the work of the Triune God and the Christian helper to bring the believer to a deeper level of union and communion with God. The purpose of this project is to create a workshop for informal family caregivers of older adults that provides practical tools to maintain soul care while "loving their neighbor."
Lauren Gelgur - The Association between Depression and Social Isolation among Older Adults (2018)
Abstract: The Health and Retirement Study (HRS) is a twenty-five-year longitudinal study that studies populations over the age of fifty. There is a lack of studies that examine depression and social isolation as comorbid conditions. The purpose of this study was to examine secondary data from the 2014 wave of the HRS regarding associations between depression, social isolation and demographic characteristics, including age (50–104 years), gender, and marital status. Self-reported data from 18,289 participants (10,703 females and 7,586 males) suggested a positive association between depression and social isolation ( r = .365, p < .001) in that as levels of depression increase so do feelings of social isolation. Significantly more females than males reported having depression. Those who were married reported less depression and social isolation. Younger ages experienced depression and older ages social isolation. Further research should explore solutions to decreasing depression and social isolation among older adults in the United States.
Frances Ginder - Coordinating Resources for Older Adults in Long Beach (2018)
Abstract: Many different organizations and service providers in Long Beach provide services and care to older adults. Since the majority of these organizations operate independently, they tend to use separate resource guides to assist clients with finding appropriate referrals to services that they do not directly provide. The Long Beach Senior Center (LBSC), which will become the “Long Beach Office on Aging” in an attempt to unify and coordinate organizations throughout Long Beach, currently uses an outdated resource guide last updated in 2005. This project updated the resource guide for the Long Beach Office on Aging as an internet-based resource that can be easily updated and shared with organizations and service providers throughout Long Beach. Previous resources were contacted and updated through phone calls, emails, or personal visits by the project director. Meetings between various organizations and representatives from the Long Beach Office on Aging will continue to unify the network of support services to serve older adults in Long Beach
Kathy Givens - Increasing high school students' awareness of palliative care (2018)
Abstract: As the nation ages, many adolescents will become caregivers for a burgeoning population of elders. These adolescents will have had little training and information on how to address a loved one’s psychosocial needs. This thesis evaluated if a week-long “What Gives Your Life Meaning” (WGYLM©) program increased awareness of and improved attitudes about palliative care (PC) among high school students. Fourteen (14) high school students participated in this week-long study by viewing clips from the movie Being Mortal, participating in a discussion with a palliative care professional, listening to an interview with an adolescent caregiver, and answering questions relative to end of life. The students’ accurate definition of palliative care as care focused on quality of life increased from 57% to 78%. Results suggested that a school based WGYLM© program would benefit adolescents’ knowledge and attitudes about PC.
Samanta Hernandez (Godinez) - Leon, Mexico: A Needs Assessment of an Age-Friendly Community (2018)
Abstract: A needs assessment was conducted with participants from the city of León in México. The AARP Age-Friendly Community framework was used to look at four domains: Social Participation, Respect & Social Inclusion, Work & Civic Engagement and Community & Health Services to evaluate the needs of older adults, to detect services available and to identify gaps between needs and services available. A non-random, snowball sampling technique was used to survey twenty-six adults aged 60 and older receiving health services, and twenty-seven service providers working in organizations that serve older adults. The results indicated that Work and Civic Engagement have the largest gap between needs and services available from the perspective of both groups. The domain with the second largest need-service gap is Respect and Social Inclusion, followed by Community and Health Services. The domain reported to be the strongest with the most needs covered is Social Participation.
MyChau Nguyen - Caregiver Resources: An Examination of Effective Strategies That Healthcare Professionals Employ to Provide Information to Caregivers (2018)
Abstract: Older adults living with one or more chronic conditions or disabilities often depend on a caregiver. Caring for an older adult can be physically, emotionally and financially challenging. Fortunately, there are many resources that can help caregivers provided by federal, state, local agencies, profit, and non-profit organizations; however, many caregivers are often not aware of these available resources. This study evaluates current strategies that nurses, social workers, and chaplains use to deliver resource information to caregivers. Results from the study have shown that health professionals believe caregivers were somewhat informed about available resources, support information was the most popular resource given to caregivers, resource conversation was usually initiated by health professionals, language was a large barrier for caregivers, and in-person was the most effective strategy for delivering resource information. This study could be used to identify effective delivery strategies that can be shared among professionals in these disciplines.
Cynthia Okialda - Advance Care Planning Community Education: An Evaluation of the Being Mortal Event (2018)
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of Advance Care Planning (ACP) education for community members who attended a Being Mortal screening and discussion event. The focus was to determine if these events produced an increased interest in and awareness of ACP and if participants were influenced to identify end-of-life care wishes on an Advance Health Care Directive (AHCD) form. Specifically, this study examined participants’ values and behaviors about ACP before and after attending the event and determined if age, gender, and level of education were influences. Results indicated there were significant differences in participants’ values and behaviors from the event stating they were highly encouraged to start end-of-life conversations with their loved ones and doctors and intended to complete an AHCD form. It has been concluded this program can be used as an effective, resourceful tool to help eradicate stigma and barriers of ACP.
Melissa Ratto - An Educational Module on Palliative Care for an Upper Division GE Gerontology Course (2018)
Abstract: Palliative care is a service provided by an interdisciplinary team, helping improve the quality of life for seriously ill patients and their families. Policy focusing on palliative care in the 21st century addresses the needs of older adults who suffer from a serious illness, including education about the benefits of palliative care. The under-utilization of palliative care partly stems from lack of knowledge about the topic. This project report was an educational module about palliative care that can be added to a gerontology course taken by a future workforce that may assist patients who could benefit from palliative care. A PowerPoint, student resource guide, and instructor’s guide were reviewed by an expert panel, who reported that the material was easy to understand, informative, and contained helpful information. This project report helps bridge the educational gap about palliative care for students participating in CSULB’s upper division GE gerontology course.
Gabriela Sedano The Elder Index Tool: A Manual for California Area Agencies on Aging (2018)
Abstract: Due to the usage of the outdated Federal Poverty Level (FPL) guidelines, many older adults are battling with economic insecurity and are not deemed eligible to apply for means-based assistance. The Elder Index has been identified as a tool to help determine poverty level taking into consideration the cost of living of the older adult’s particular geographic area. Governmental agencies such as AAAs in California are responsible for assisting older adults including low income adults in linking them to supportive community services. AAAs should be using the Index as a reference when making decisions about allocating resources. However, the problem is that the Elder Index is not being used by many AAAs, even though they are mandated to do so. The purpose of this project was to develop a manual to help AAAs in California to better understand the Elder Index. This manual will help target the challenges that AAAs have had in implementing the Elder Index tool.
Guadalupe Salgado - Autism as a Potential Buffer Against Alzheimer's Disease: A Systematic Literature Review (2018)
Abstract: In recent years, the number of children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder has increased. Autism is a cognitive impairment that affects the way people socialize and behave. Currently, treatments and services exist mostly for children, even though it is a lifelong disorder and those with it are living longer. Like autism, Alzheimer’s affects a person’s cognitive abilities, although its onset occurs much later in life. With the increased average lifespan due to technological advances, the number of individuals diagnosed with Alzheimer’s is expected to grow exponentially. There are many parallels between the two conditions, and research suggests that Autism may act as a buffer against Alzheimer’s disease. This systematic literature review aims to better describe the link between autism and Alzheimer’s disease, which could further an understanding of each condition individually.
Fatima Vergara - Addressing Social Connectedness and Social Isolation among Older LGBTQ Adults through Software Design (2018)
Abstract: This project describes the development of a software application geared towards connecting LGBTQ older adults with each other with an aim to reduce social isolation. Older adults tend to lose their connections with others throughout the aging process. LGBTQ older adults experience more challenges in creating and maintaining social relationships compared to their heterosexual peers. When social connections are lost, social isolation threatens the physical, emotional, and psychological well-being of older adults. The software application was designed and revised using feedback from two expert panel focus groups of LGBTQ older adults, 50 years and older, residing in Los Angeles and Riverside Counties.
2017 Theses/Directed Projects
Desirae Gamboa- Gerontological Curriculum For Active Public Conservators (2017)
Abstract: Demographics in the United States are changing, and there is a larger older adult population than ever before. While some older adults have aged healthily and can maintain their own health and finances, that is not the case for other older adults. Older adults aging with dementia and other incapacitating illnesses, with no family or friends to assist them, may be referred for probate conservatorship. The purpose of this project was to revise an existing curriculum to train new conservators about the aging process, legal process of conservatorship, and estate management. By understanding these components of conservatorship, new conservators will be able to provide better service to conservatees. This project will utilize classroom training in addition to shadow training with conservators and conservatees. The training was reviewed by an expert panel and revised to its final version. It will be provided to the Office of the Public Guardian for implementation.
Paige Garner - The Effect of Changed Behaviors of Frontotemporal Dementia on the Stress Level of Informal Caregivers (2017)
Abstract: Informal caregiving has been a widely-studied topic recently because many people with chronic and terminal illnesses are being cared for by family and friends in their homes. However, little research has focused on informal caregivers for those with one condition, frontotemporal dementia (FTD). The purpose of this study was to understand how the changed behavior of someone with FTD affects persons caring for those with this type of dementia, with a specific focus on the stress level of informal caregivers. Eleven caregivers participated in this study, with an age range of 42 to 81 years. Caregivers whose care recipients are institutionalized reported a higher stress level during time of diagnosis, than that of caregivers who cared for their family member at home. Qualitative responses indicated that a lack of knowledge about FTD can result in a misdiagnosis, leaving caregivers more stressed because the care recipients’ behavior is left untreated.
Debra Johnson Gorman- Dementia and the Dental Patient Dementia Training for Dental Professionals (2017)
Abstract: Although the population of adults age 65 and older with Alzheimer’s disease and other dementias is growing exponentially, many dental professionals are not adequately prepared to work with these special needs patients in the clinical setting. The purpose of this project was to develop a training for dental professionals including basics about dementia, and communication and behavioral management. Personal oral hygiene, often lacking in a person with dementia, contributes to periodontal inflammation and oral infection that may be linked to potentially, life-threatening diseases, including cardiovascular disease, and aspiration pneumonia. This could result in a poor quality of life, and hospital or nursing home admission. The training will help dental professionals to better provide preventative or maintenance dental care or assist in providing care. The training will meet a portion of the continuing education biennial course requirements and course provider requirements for license renewal of dental professionals in California. The training was presented to dental professionals. Their feedback as well as suggestions from an expert panel, informed revisions to the training, such as increasing the length of the training and including “brain breaks” in the presentation.
Miriam Henan- An Assessment of The Healthy Aging Curriculum For Older Adults (2017)
Abstract: The “Healthy Aging” curriculum covers aging-related topics and was designed to increase knowledge and improve attitudes about aging. The purpose of this study was to assess the effectiveness of a six-session “Healthy Aging” curriculum by evaluating 150 (122 women and 28 men) older adults students’ knowledge, attitudes, and motivation to change behavior related to their own aging, before and after the curriculum. The Theory of Planned Behavior provided a framework for this study and pre-and post-test design used the Philadelphia Geriatric Center Morale Scale to test participants’ attitudes about their own aging. A scale specific to the curriculum tested knowledge. Upon curriculum completion, knowledge and attitude scores improved and all participants said they were more likely to change their behavior to age in a healthier manner. This study suggests that a curriculum promoting healthy aging increases knowledge, which impacts attitudes about one’s own aging, leading to positive behavior changes.
Amber Julian- Guided Autobiography Themes for Older Adult United States War Veterans (2017)
Abstract: Guided Autobiography is a process of writing, sharing and preserving one’s life stories and life experiences. It leads one down a path through vast stores of memories, leading to an increased awareness and appreciation of having lived through so much. The purpose of this study was to adapt Birren’s Guided Autobiography (GAB) program for U.S. veterans 65 years of age and older. The themes developed for this study were based on Birren’s nine themes for conducting autobiography groups. It was tailored to include themes relevant to older adult war veterans. Local veterans were interviewed and asked about past war experiences. The responses were recorded and analyzed using qualitative research methods. GAB serves to assist Gerontologists, Social Workers and other Health Practitioners in that it helps to provide insight into veterans’ experiences.
Wendy Lozano- Development Of An Educational Program For A Certificate Of Achievement In Gerontology For El Camino Community College (2017)
Abstract: The purpose of this project was to develop a model educational program to organize and build the basic structure for a gerontology Certificate of Achievement for El Camino Community College. The proposed educational program includes: (a) goals and objectives of a gerontology program; (b) alignment of AGHE gerontology competencies; (c) overall gerontology courses, including prerequisite requirement courses and gerontology requirement courses; (d) course descriptions; and (e) transferability. The objectives of this project were to: Review requirements for the development of a Certificate of Achievement in Gerontology for California community colleges or related disciplines that incorporate the topic of aging. Review existing gerontology course outlines. Identify the necessary competencies that will be used to design the gerontology courses. Develop an evaluation tool for evaluating effectiveness and need of the proposed educational program. The proposed educational program was reviewed by fifteen faculty members and one administrator currently employed by the college. All 16 reviewers indicated that they would like to help further develop the courses and the program in order for a gerontology program to be established at El Camino Community College.
2016 Theses/Directed Projects
Ronald Barker- Education Gerontologists And Associated Health Professionals About Medicare: A Four-Hour Workshop (2016)
Abstract: The purpose of this directed project was to develop a 4-hour workshops for Gerontologists and associated health professionals to assist older adults in understanding the Medicare products available to them. The workshop was specifically developed for delivery through a non-profit called In Transition Planning, which is an educational platform to assist aging individuals with the aging process through education, community involvement and training. The 4-hour workshop was based on the Medicare and You booklet developed by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) sent to older adults prior to turning 65 years old annually. This workshop covers the basics of Medicare planning, which includes elections on basic Medicare, Medicare Advantage, and Medicare Supplemental Plans that a senior receiving Medicare needs to consider. Workshop materials were sent to three expert reviewers, who gave suggestions for revision. General suggestions included adding material about Medicaid and rules for dual eligible discussing identity theft as it relates to one’s Social Security card, including breaks in the presentation, and condensing some of the material for the time allotted. The workshop will educate Gerontologists and associated health professionals about the different components of Medicare and insurance coverage available to older adults.
Gail Francis- A business proposal for an assisted living facility for older adults (2016)
Abstract: Assisted living has emerged as an important housing and long-term care option for older Americans. Assisted living facilities (ALFs) are non-medical, residential settings that provide housing, food services, personal services, and watchful oversight of older adults and other persons with physical and mental disabilities. The purpose of this project was to develop a business plan for the creation of Norm and Edna’s Place, an assisted living facility for adults 65 years of age and older in Riverside County, California. The facility will have a whole person service approach focusing on the mental, physical, and spiritual balance of its resident. The project presented results of research on the quality of life (QOL) of residents of ALFs by looking at the impact of environment on resident’s happiness and mood. The business plan included a marketing plan and operational plan as well as an assessment of expenses and capital financing.
Noelle Bringmann- Transportation Program For Members of the Long Beach Village (2016)
Abstract: The purpose of this project was to create a plan for a sustainable and accessible transportation service that will be available to members of a Beacon Hill-type Village in Long Beach, California. Specifically, the goals of this project were to analyze the existing literature on the transportation needs and options for older adults, examine current transportation services available in Long Beach, California, and develop the tools necessary for a Long Beach Village Transportation Program including a volunteer drivers’ manual, a plan to recruit volunteers, and policies and procedures for the for the Long Beach Village office. A brochure for members to advertise the transportation program and an evaluation tool for members and drivers of the Long Beach Village to assess the effectiveness of the program were also included.
Angela Frudakis- Identifying indicators of longevity and the transtheoretical model of behavior change (2016)
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to compare and contrast four age cohorts to determine: (a) if they have any preexisting knowledge about The Blue Zones Power 9 lessons for longevity, (b) if they are currently practicing any of the Power 9 lessons, and (c) to what extent they intend to adopt all or some of the Power 9 lessons in the future. The Transtheoretical Model of Behavior Change (DiClemente & Prochaska, 1982) guided exploration of the respondents’ adoption of the Power 9 lessons. There were four significant findings in the study. Physical activity and stress relief had similar results in that both the youngest and oldest age cohorts’ expressed higher frequencies than the two middle age cohorts. Wine consumption and adoption/intention to adopt the Power 9 also had similar results, demonstrating that as age increased, so did the frequency of wine consumption and adoption/intention to adopt the Power 9.
Joy Miller- The Beach Village Web Pages Development Project: California State University Long Beach Center For Community Engagement (2016)
Abstract: The purpose of this directed project was to develop web pages, under the umbrella of the Center of Community Engagement website, to promote interest and participation within California State University Long Beach, in a University affiliated aging in place Village model for the local community. The goals were to (a) provide an overview of aging in place and the mission of the Beach Village, (b) increase awareness of the Beach Village within CSULB to promote interdisciplinary, intercultural and intergenerational learning, (c) provide an effective method to communicate aging in place and the Beach Village information to the CSULB community, and (d) enrich educational experiences and community engagement by promoting service-learning, internships and volunteerism in the Beach Village projects. The web pages consist of nine sections: Home, Aging in Place, the Village Movement, CSULB and the Beach Village, the Beach Village, Services, Get Involved, News, and Contact us pages.
Melissa Pizano- Evaluation Of Printed Health Education Materials For Readability And Suitability For Older Adults (2016)
Abstract: The study evaluated twelve printed health educational materials for readability and suitability for use by older adults. Using two formulas, the Fry Readability Graph and Simple Measure of Gobbledygook (SMOG) for readability, and the Suitability Assessment of Materials (SAM) to measure, suitability four popular materials for each of three medical conditions including type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, and high cholesterol were evaluated. All twelve printed health educational materials were written at grade 6-9 levels and considered not appropriate in regard to readability for use by older adults. Four of the materials were rated as suitable for use by older adults based on comprehension of the material using the SAM tool. Gerontologists can assist agencies in developing and revising printed health education materials by ensuring that materials are designed specifically for older adults.
Nathalie Sevilla- Aqua Aerobics For Low-Income Housing Facilities For Older Adults (2016)
Abstract: The purpose of this directed project was to create an aqua aerobics informational brochure for three low-income housing facilities located in Long Beach. The brochure included an explanation of the benefits and values of an aqua aerobics program for older adults. Additionally, it included a schedule of aqua aerobics programs in the Long Beach area, as well as pricing and transportation options if any, between the low-income housing facilities and the pool facilities. The objectives of this directed project were to: (a) summarize current research about the benefits of aqua aerobics for older adults for inclusion in the informational brochure, (b) identify aqua aerobics programs in the Long Beach area that can accommodate older adults residing in low-income housing facility and, (c) create an informational brochure for the service coordinator or manager of three low-income housing facilities to include costs, benefits of exercise, benefits of aqua aerobics, and contact information including location of pool facilities.
2015 Theses/Directed Projects
Nenette Caceres- Factors Affecting Quality of Life of Older Adults with Mild Cognitive Impairment (2015)
Abstract: It is unclear what aspects of quality of life (QOL) are affected in older adults with Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI), but it is important because in the absence of treatment for MCI, QOL is often considered an indicator of the efficacy of psychosocial and pharmacological interventions. The purpose of this study was to explore factors that may affect QOL in older adults with MCI. Specifically, this study explored the relationship between cognition, depression, functional status and QOL in a sample of older adults with Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI). Findings indicate a significant relationship between QOL, depression, and functional status in older adults with MCI, but no significant relationship between QOL and cognitive status. An improved QOL for older adult with MCI can be achieved by detecting/treating their depression, and aiding with impaired functions with IADLS. Improving our understanding of MCI is necessary to respond adequately to the demands of growing population of older adults with MCI.
Michelle Queen- Older Adults’ Knowledge Regarding HIV/AIDS (2015)
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to investigate older adults’ knowledge and perceived susceptibility to HIV/AIDS and their perception of self-efficacy in avoiding HIV/AIDS. Older adults (n=33) from a local senior center completed the AIDS Questionnaire measuring these concepts. Findings indicated no correlation between knowledge and perceived susceptibility, however, knowledge was strongly correlated with self-efficacy. The findings indicated that knowledge of HIV/AIDS was a significant predictor of self-efficacy. In this sample, additional findings indicated a statistically significant difference between ethnicity and HIV/AIDS knowledge. Asians reported lower knowledge, yet had higher perceived susceptibility and self-efficacy than other ethnic groups.
Gina D. Semenza- Evolving Abilities: A Framework for An Aging And Disability Lifestyle Blog (2015)
Abstract: This project report served as a framework for an aging and disability lifestyle blog named Evolving Abilities. It listed resources and highlighted the vitality and value in aging with a disability by promoting a realistic and dynamic perspective written by a disability gerontologist. The niche audience targeted people aging with disabilities (or chronic health conditions). Evolving Abilities supported connectedness and full inclusion by addressing ageism and ableism.
Reath Melendez- Eldercare Responsibilities Among CSULB Faculty And Staff: A Needs Assessment (2015)
Abstract: The purpose of this study is to assess the eldercare needs of the faculty and staff of California State University Long Beach (CSULB) and evaluate the need for adult day care services on campus. With the elderly population expected to double by 2050 and CSULB being the third largest employer in Long Beach, it is likely that caregiving will impact the productivity of its workforce. Additionally, the struggle to balance work and eldercare responsibilities will impact the health of the CSULB workforce. Results indicate that there is not currently a need for adult day care services on campus. Hoever, there is a need for eldercare resources such as seminars on veterans’ services, assisted living, Medicare, Medi-Cal, reverse mortgage, legal advice, financial advice, advanced directives, power of attorney, long-distance caregiving, supports for the sandwich generation and telecommuting options.
Stuart Mizokami- Fall Risk Factors Among Cane And Walker Users And Non-Users (2015)
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of use or non-use of walkers and/or canes on fall risk for community dwelling older adults related to demographic variables of sex, age, educational and income levels, as well as perceived health, and type of devise used. Fall risk was assessed using the Activities-Specific Balance Confidence Scale. Results indicated a significantly higher fall risk among cane and/or walker users than among non-users. No significant differences were found when comparing demographic variables. Cane and walker or walker only users, were at higher fall risk than those using no assistive device or cane only. Non-users who rated their health as “good,” had a significantly higher fall risk than those who rated their health as “excellent.” Users reported “poor” or “fair” health had significantly higher fall risk than those reporting health as “good,” “very good,” or “excellent.”
Dilhari Gunathilaka- Compliance With Dietary Restrictions Among African American Older Adults With Chronic Kidney Disease in a Nursing Home Setting (2015)
Abstract: For African Americans kidney disease is the sixth leading cause of death. Compliance with a renal diet can help prevent the progression of kidney disease to kidney failure. The purpose of this study was to investigate compliance or non-compliance with renal dietary restrictions among older African American adults living in a nursing home setting. Twelve residents were interviewed. Six themes emerged including not appreciating being treated like a child, wanting options and independence, wanting the renal diet to respect cultural food traditions, the importance of food taste, more education about why certain foods are better than others, and reframing diet education to emphasize the foods that can be eaten versus foods to avoid. This research indicates a need for dietitians to discuss diet with an emphasis on what foods the patient can eat, not on restrictions, and to improve the taste of food.
Jordan Marie de Lachica- Widowhood and Grief Support: Gerontology Curriculum (2015)
Abstract: Although older adults are most susceptible to loss, there are more support groups aimed towards helping young widowed persons than those ages 65 and over. The purpose of this project was to develop a curriculum for an 8-week grief support class for New Hope Grief Support Community in Long Beach, California. This curriculum will allow older adults who have lost a spouse or partner to learn how to cope with their loss while also learning to rely on new relationships as their main point of support. The curriculum is based on James William Worden’s four tasks of mourning and New Hope’s grief education format.
Steven Grande- Factors The Influence Use Of Social Media Among Older Adults (2015)
Abstract: The use of social media by older adults is on the rise. Social media allows older adults to keep meaningful connections with friends, family, and life. Social media allows older adults to stay connected through prevailing frailty, geographical displacement, and morbidity. The purse of this study was to evaluate the effect of use or non-use of social media on social-connectivity/loneliness and depression, and the effect of demographic variables including sex, age, income and educational level on the use of social media. There were a total of 67 participants in the study. The data revealed that income was a significant factor in the use of social media. Moreover, lower income participants used social media significantly less than upper and middle income level participants. This study was created to specifically look at participant’s use/non-use of social media and therein introduced specific factors that could have possibly varied when compared.
2014 Theses/Directed Projects
Jessica Brenner- An Educational Curriculum on Death and Dying for Caregivers in California Assisted Living (2014)
Abstract: The purpose of this project was to develop a curriculum addressing the topic of death and dying for unlicensed professional caregivers in assisted living. By understanding the course of death through a well-rounded gerontological approach, it is expected that unlicensed assisted living caregivers will be able to provide better, more informed care to their residents and address their own emotions concerning death. This curriculum includes four major topics: physical changes during death and dying, psychosocial changes during death and dying, communication with the dying and their loved ones, and professional grief management and support. Each topic also contains prompted discussion questions and interactive group activities. Two expert reviewers and the program developer’s committee members evaluated the course and offered suggestions for further development. These recommendations were then incorporated into the final version of the curriculum.
Melissa Dillon- Active Aging Program for Older Adults with Early Stage Dementia (2014)
Abstract: The purpose of this directed project is to create an evidence-based cognitively, physically, and socially stimulating program for older adults living with early stage dementia in an assisted living setting. A current manual used at a large national assisted living company has been revised using the biopsychosocial model to support programming for older adults in the early stages of dementia. Research was complied to modify the current manual to better service this population.
John Fay- California Employer Perspectives on Older Working Adults Specific to the Affordable Care Act Health Insurance Mandate (2014)
Abstract: The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, commonly known as the Affordable Care Act or the ACA, introduced legislation that mandated all large employers to offer health insurance to their employees or a monetary penalty will be assessed. The mandate inherently impacted employers with older workers. This paper analyzed how California employers viewed their older workers specific to the ACA through qualitative interviews. Ten participants made up the sample size (N = 10) in the study: eight employers and two professionals managing health insurance plans. Themes emerged from participant employers who viewed their older workers as valuable and like family, while the age of the older workers did not influence the participant employers during the decision making process to offer a health plan in light of the ACA’s mandate.
Donna Griggs- Older Adult Volunteer Value In The Workplace: Voices Of Experience With The Long Beach Fire Ambassador Program (2014)
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to investigate the value of older adult volunteers in the workplace, specifically looking at the management and service delivery impact of the Long Beach Fire Ambassador Program on existing community relations efforts and employee morale, from the Command Staff perspective of the Long Beach Fire Department. The study identified seven themes that specified the value of Ambassador Program volunteers to management: supporting community relations, supporting employee morale, appreciation, extended family, pride, purpose, and significance. Ambassador and Program contributions to life safety and quality of life—for Ambassadors, their families, and the community at large—were also recurrently expressed. Results showed that older adult volunteers uniquely have much to offer and have an increasingly vital role in the workplace.
Elena Ionescu- Sexual Behavior in Older Adults with Dementia: Curriculum for Caregivers (2014)
Abstract: Behavioral complications, such as Inappropriate Sexual Behavior (ISB), are developed in many cases of dementia. Sex, even for those with dementia, is a primary need, but supporting this need in an appropriate manner may overwhelm caregivers. The purpose of this project was to create a curriculum for Dementia Friendly Community (DFC) residential caregivers on the topic of sexual expression among older adults with dementia. By offering training on sexuality and dementia it is expected that caregivers can increase the DFC's provision of quality of life. This project presented an assessment tool and plan on how to manage ISB, activities relevant to the discussed topics, and curriculum evaluation forms. Expert reviewers offered recommendations to further improve the curriculum's quality.
Joy Dias- Factors Associated with Poor Oral Health Among Older Adults (2014)
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to assess factors affecting oral health practices among adults 65 years of age and older, in an urban dental practice. The study looked at factors contributing to overall oral health including (a) age, (b) sex, (c) annual income, (d) diagnosed illness, (e) the number of prescribed medications being taken, and (f) highest education completed A convenience sample was obtained in the city of San Jose, California from a dental office. The researcher presented specific self-made surveys for his research on oral health to eligible participants in order to measure oral health. The significance level utilized on each hypothesis was p < .05. A total of 100 qualified surveys were used for analysis. Results showed that there was no significant relationship with the factor of sex. However, there was a significant relationship among all other factors and brushing at least twice a day. Future studies in a different setting or having a larger sample may be more appropriate to confirm or deny findings.
Alma Madrid-Knowledge and Attitudes about Advance Health Care Directives Among Community Dwelling Hispanic Older Adults (2014)
Abstract: The purpose of this qualitative study was to examine the knowledge and attitudes about advance health care directives among community dwelling Hispanic older adults. The theme that emerged from 10 interviews was shared decision-making; with the older adult having the power to make autonomous decisions regarding their own end of life medical care and diffusing controls to external factors such as family, God, and doctors. Although respondents viewed the advance health care directive as a positive tool for end of life decision making, barriers to completion included (a) lack of knowledge, (b) lack of initiative on the part of the older adult and the physician to discuss end of life care, (c) health status, (d) religious beliefs, and (e) provoking sadness and worry within the family. Education and resources should be directed to the responsible parties in end of life decision making, including the older Hispanic adult, family, and physician.
Amanda Shaon-The Relationship Between Social Support And Current Life Satisfaction In Combat Theatre Veterans Aged 50 And Older (2014)
Abstract- This thesis investigated the relationship between social support and current life satisfaction in combat theatre veterans aged 50 and older. This study addressed a lack of research-based literature on this topic. The participants of this study (n=31) served in active duty in a theatre of war. Social support was measured using a researcher constructed questionnaire, The Veterans Perceived Social Support Questionnaire. Life Satisfaction was measured using Diener’s (1985) Satisfaction with Life Scale. No significant relationship was found between social support and life satisfaction for this group. However, veterans who engaged in social activities a few times per month or more frequently reported higher current life satisfaction, than those who endorsed very minimal social activity. Gerontologists can use this information to educate facilitators of veterans’ groups about how to increase the frequency of social activities, which could lead to an increase in life satisfaction.
Nakia Thierry- Perception of Recovering Substance Abusers and Treatment Providers On Appropriate Delivery Methods Of Alcohol and Drug Treatment Services to Older Adults (2014)
Abstract- This thesis compared the perceptions of older adult recovering substance abusers with the perceptions of alcohol and drug treatment providers on what each sample believed would be the most appropriate delivery methods and locations for alcohol and drug treatment services to individuals 50 years of age and older. Sixty participants, 30 subjects from each sample group, completed a questionnaire created by the researcher. Results showed there were no significant differences in perceptions of older adult substance abusers and drug treatment providers about the most appropriate treatment methods and locations for treatment. Additional findings included suggestions from participants about ways to improve current treatment modalities and locations. Results suggested the need for provider education on age-specific issues faced by the older adult addict.
2013 Theses/Directed Projects
Na’Rai Bowen- Comprehensive resource packet for older adults newly Diagnosed with breast cancer (2013)
Abstract: Breast cancer is a disease that continue to affect people of all ages, but especially older adults. The number of people impacted by this disease continues to grow and there is a rapid increase in women who are newly diagnosed with breast cancer. The primary risk factors for breast cancer are age and gender. The purpose of this project was to develop a breast cancer comprehensive resource packet for adults, age 65 years and older, who have been newly diagnosed with breast cancer. This packet incorporates patient education, possible coping strategies about living with breast cancer, useful tips for healthy living, and information on how to transition from living with breast cancer to becoming a cancer survivor. This packet provides a resource tool for breast cancer patients including beneficial tips directly from breast cancer survivors that may create an easier transition of living with breast cancer for those newly diagnosed.
Vanessa Camarena- Perceptions of Older Adults with Diverse Visual Impairments About Safety, Independence, Mobility, and Social Connection (2013)
Abstract: This exploratory study examined how vision affects perceptions about safety, independence, mobility, and social connection in a sample of visually impaired adults aged 60 and older. Utilizing a qualitative approach, the study was conducted using open- ended semi-structured interviews of 15 participants who attend a rehabilitation center for the visually impaired. Data were collected through tape-recorded interviews and transcribed for accuracy, and then coded using content analysis. Themes that emerged from the interviews included: concerns with curbs, steps, and crowds; being a burden to others and losing the ability to drive; the need for preplanning activities, the ability to relate to others, and having to cope with the loss of a spouse. The results will assist healthcare providers and rehabilitation centers in understanding the experiences of older adults with visual impairments that will better inform the development and provision of individualized programs for older adults with visual impairment.
Alma Madrid- Knowledge and Attitudes About Advance Health Care Directives Among Community Dwelling Hispanic Older Adults (2013)
Abstract: The purpose of the qualitative study was to examine the knowledge and attitudes about advance health care directives among community dwelling Hispanic older adults. The theme that emerged from 10 interviews was shared decision-making; with the older adult having the power to make autonomous decisions regarding their own end of life medical care and diffusing controls to external factors such as family, God, and doctors. Although respondents viewed the advance health care directive as a positive tool for end of life decision making, barriers to completion included (a) lack of knowledge, (b) lack of initiative on the part of the older adult and the physician to discuss end of life care, (c) health status, (d) religious beliefs, and (e) provoking sadness and worry within the family. Education and resources should be directed to the responsible parties in end of life decision making, including the older Hispanic adult, family, and physician.
Caitlin Nguyen- The Effects of High Contrast Colors in Tableware on the Level of Food Intake of Women with Dementia (2013)
Abstract: This study assessed the effects of high contrast colors in tableware on the level of food intake of women with dementia. A pre-post design was implemented to evaluate the difference in solid food and soup intake when served on red tableware as compared to white tableware. Two groups of participants, n = 4 from Facility 1 and n = 5 from Facility 2, were observed for the study. Results from Facility 1 showed there was no significant difference in food intake (t = 1.98,p = 0.06), while results from Facility 2 showed there was a significant difference (t = -2.80, p - 0.010). The study suggested that high visual contrast between food and tableware could promote food intake in women with dementia. Future studies should include larger sample size and extend data collecting periods to obtain a more conclusive result.
Christine Thayer- Alternative Transportation and Older Adults in Long Beach: Awareness, Planning, And Use (2013)
Abstract: Isolation increases when older adults stop driving or riding. Los Angeles County residents' greatest fear is the lack of transportation and ensuing social isolation. This is a preventable loss for older adults and for their communities. This study analyzed the awareness, planning, and use of alternative transportation by older adults in the City of Long Beach, California. It evaluated the relationship of destination and driving to the alternative transportation mode. The examination of existing survey data from 329 respondents over 55 years old found that despite their knowledge about transit alternatives, few older adults used or planned to use them. Participants, however, were interested in learning more about their alternative options. The survey findings agreed with existing literature on the need for increased use of alternative transportation by older adults to destinations supporting independence and healthy living. Recommendations include coordinated education and improved community transportation programs to meet the needs of a growing older adult population.
Christine Weber: Exercises for Older Adults with Dementia: A Meta-Analysis (2013)
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to identify, through meta-analytical techniques, evidence-based recommendations for the type, frequency, and duration of exercise to slow the progression of dementia. Inclusion criteria were that the research had to be published between January 2000 and January 2012 and include both pre- and post-Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE) scores. After conducting extensive computer-aided and manual searches, eight studies were chosen for analysis. Of those eight studies, one study in particular indicated the optimal type, frequency, and duration of exercise to slow the progression of dementia, which was walking four times per week for thirty minutes per session. Future research should include the impact of other forms of exercise on the progression of dementia and the role of physicians in the prescription of exercise to slow the progression of dementia.
2012 Theses/Directed Projects
Elizabeth Dobson- Elizabeth C. Dobson Consulting And Design: A Business Plan For Aging-In-Place Resources (2012)
Abstract: The aging population is the fastest growing population in the United States. The number of adults over age 65 will continue to grow, eventually accounting for 20% of the population by 2030. This dramatic increase in the aging population will warrant an extremely high demand for aging-in-place design services and resources, as most people would like to continue living in their own home for as long as possible. This project report serves as a business plan to provide aging Baby Boomers in California with aging-in-place design services and resources that will help them remain in their home for as long as possible.
Tanya Ezrol- Intergenerational Program Participation: A Case Study (2012)
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to investigate why older adults do or do not participate in intergenerational programs (IGP) at an adult daycare/adult day healthcare program. Qualitative methods were used to investigate characteristics of participants and non-participants that influenced involvement with intergenerational programs, the beliefs about the effectiveness of intergenerational programs, and the features of the program itself that influenced participants' and non-participants' involvement. After conducting face to face interviews with 12 attendees (7 participants of IGP and 5 non-participants), content analysis was used to condense data in order to draw conclusions. The interviews revealed that a love of children was an important factor in choosing to participate in IGP. Most participants and non-participants agreed that IGP were mutually beneficial to both old and young participants, and based their level of involvement on a variety of personal reasons and health issues.
Preeti Jagadale- Course for Training Physical Therapy Students in India to Work with Older Clients in Senior Care Posting (2012)
Abstract: The purpose of this directed project was to develop a course for training final year students and interns of K. J. Somaiya College of Physiotherapy pursuing their Bachelor's degree, to understand the process of aging and learn effective strategies to deal with their older clients in a senior care posting (internship) which is part of their Bachelor's program. This course developed for this directed project was based on the Master of Science in Gerontology program offered at California State University, Long Beach. This course included five topics. Each of these five topics includes a topic outline and a PowerPoint presentation, an examination and an evaluation tool. There is a lack of trained professionals who can conduct classroom discussions with the students. To overcome this, additional resources are provided in the course. This course provides the foundation for more complete development of this course into a Bachelors' or a Masters' degree program.
Lisa Lares- Student Facilitation of An Evidence Based Health Promotion Program (2012) Abstract: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the participant-rated effectiveness of the implementation of a Chronic Disease Self-Management Program by gerontology students. Specifically, this study investigated the effectiveness of the Chronic Disease Self-Management Program when gerontology students versus peer community volunteers facilitated elderly clients in the workshop. More specifically, the study attempted to understand the effectiveness of peer community volunteer-led versus gerontology student-led sessions by analyzing responses to four questions on a post-workshop survey (post-test) including participant opinions about the level at which facilitators were informative and caring, the usefulness of information to save participants visits to their physician, the amount of information learned and improvements in health. The sample for this study included 150 participants of a Chronic Disease Self-Management Program that was facilitated by a peer community volunteer or a gerontology student. This study involved a secondary data analysis from a post-test given to the participants. Based on participant-rated effectiveness, peer community volunteers were rated as more effective than gerontology students in regards to teaching participants how to better manage their chronic illness. Results also concluded that participants rated peer community volunteers as more informative and caring than gerontology students. Recommendations for future research were discussed.
Brian Riseley- The effectiveness of Cane Fu as an intervention for reducing fall risk and fear of falling amongst the elderly (2012)
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of practicing ten hours of Cane Fu on fall risk and activity-specific balance confidence scores among individuals aged 55 and over. Eighteen participants were drawn from two locations. A causal-comparative prepost test design was used to compare participants' scores as observed before and after participating in 10 hours of Cane Fu classes. Fall risk was assessed using the Timed-Up-and-Go test and fear of falling was assessed using the Activity-Specific Balance Confidence Scale. Participants' fall risk scores were significantly lower following 10 hours of Cane Fu training. However, there was no significant difference in participants' Activity-Specific Balance Confidence Scores as observed before and after treatment. From this, it can be concluded that Cane Fu is an effective intervention for reducing fall risk among individuals aged 55 and over. These results may have been influenced by unpaired prepost tests.
Megan Shaw- The Impact On Media On Older Women: Ageist Attitudes Towards Biological, Psychological, and Social Aging (2012)
Abstract: This thesis investigated the relationship between the amount of television older women watched and their attitudes towards biological, psychological, and social aging measured by the concept of ageism. The participants were assigned to a research group depending on the average amount of television watched per day. The greater television viewer group (n=32) watched television 4 or more hours, and the limited television viewer group (n=21) watched television less than 4 hours per day, on average. Ageism was measured by a score on Palmore Facts on Aging quizzes (FAQ). The 53 participants ranged in age from 60 to 92. Although there was a tendency for limited television viewers to have more positive bias scores than great television viewers, there was no significant difference in biological, psychological, or social aging biases between older women who were limited television viewers and those who were greater television viewers.
Donna Lien- Perspective On Aging From A Former Male Latino Gang Member (2012)
Abstract: This qualitative study aimed to examine the perspectives of aging held by a former male Latino gang member. A case study approach was employed. Existing research on gangs has focused on violence, the nature of gangs, and membership encompassing gangs, which provides context for gaining a better understanding of gangs on many different levels. Although, one area of gang research where little attention has been paid is the aging perspective of gang members. The aging process was idiosyncratic for a former gang member, but threads of commonality can still be drawn to general aging concepts. Themes of skipped life stages and early maturation became poignant to his aging process, which has definitively changed as he has chronologically aged. As he has "maturated out" of a gang, major themes in his gang years have changed; family no longer means other gang members, but now means wife, children, and mother.
Olivia Liu- Spiritual Well-being and acculturative stress among Older Chinese immigrants in the United States (2012)
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship among spiritual well-being, the level of acculturative stress, and demographic variables in a sample of Chinese older adults (n=129) who immigrated from China, Taiwan, and Hong Kong to the United States at or after age 50. The exploratory correlational study used a combination of convenience and snowball sampling and a self-administered questionnaire consisting of the Spiritual Well-Being Scale (SWBS), the Acculturative Stress Scale, and Demographics. The results indicated that spiritual well-being did not predict acculturative stress among older Chinese immigrants. However, Chinese immigrant elders who had faith in God or a higher power and were more satisfied with their relationships with families tend to have higher spiritual well-being scores. Those with satisfactory relationships with their families also reported lower levels of acculturative stress. Implications for Gerontology practice and education for this population were discussed.
Lisa Marie Medrano- A Family Caregiver Assessment And Intervention Tool For Social Service Providers (2012)
Abstract: The purpose of this project was to examine and revise an existing caregiver assessment tool used by social service providers in the homecare program at a medical group, and to develop guidelines for use and a Caregiver Resource Guide to aid social service providers in the development of appropriate interventions anchored in documented caregiver need. The revised assessment tool and guidelines for use were evaluated by expert panel review. The overall goal of the project was to develop an assessment and intervention to prevent caregiver burnout.
Jonathan Nguyen- Adherence To Medications Among Vietnamese Americans 65 Years Of Age And Older (2012)
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the factors influencing non-adherence to pharmaceutical drugs among Vietnamese Americans 65 years of age and older. Specifically, this study examined the socioeconomic factors contributing to the inconsistency of medication intake including (a) age, (b) sex, (c) country of birth, (d) health status, and (e) annual income. A convenience sample was obtained in the city of Westminster, California from a radiology medical center. A short survey, created by the researcher, was given to eligible participants to measure adherence to medications. The significance level utilized on each hypothesis was p ≤ .05. A total of 200 qualified surveys were used for analysis. Results showed that there was no significant relationship among the five factors and adherence to medications among Vietnamese Americans 65 years of age and older. Future studies through observation or with a larger sample to measure adherence may be appropriate to confirm or deny findings.
Emily Kreindel- Developing An Interactive Community Educational Workshop Regarding Assistive Devices (2012)
Abstract: The purpose of this project was to develop, present, and evaluate a workshop to educate older adults, their families, and healthcare professionals about the availability and use of assistive devices. Assistive devices a potential means for improving independence and quality of life, while reducing the care needs for older adults with physical limitations. The workshop provided information on three categories of assistive devices: (a) mobility aids and accessories, (b) bathroom safety and incontinence products, and (c) aids to daily living. Results demonstrated a 67% increase in knowledge by participants in the categories of bathroom safety and incontinence products and aids to daily living from pre assessment to post assessment based on responses to picture identity questions. Future workshops should be shorter in length, cover a single category of aid at one time, and be directed towards informal caregivers and healthcare professionals rather than the users themselves.
Martha Mowatt- The Influence Of Health Beliefs And Behaviors On Disease Management And Treatment Compliance: The Experience Of Older Latinos (2012)
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to explore health beliefs and health behaviors of older Latino diabetic adults regarding type 2 diabetes. Cultural and personal health beliefs were explored to determine if they influence health behavior as demonstrated by the participants' self-care practices and disease compliance. Kleinman's Explanatory Model of disease guided this study. Ten face-to-face semistructured interviews were conducted in the homes of the participants. The study revealed that the health beliefs of the participants did influence self-care practices but did not determine the degree of influence. The study demonstrated that participants incorporated self-care practices in accordance with the biomedical model and complemented them with practices from their ethnic health beliefs. Most Latinos in this study applied cultural health beliefs to explain their understanding of the onset, trajectory, and management or self-care practices that were consistent with previous studies.
Leslie Vu- The Effect Of Computer Use On Life Satisfaction, Hope, And Happiness For Older Adults (2012)
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to determine the relationships between life satisfaction, hope, and happiness of older adults who used computers and those who did not use computers. This study surveyed 69 adults who were 50 years of age or older to identify whether computer usage affected their level of life satisfaction, hope, and happiness. The results showed that there were no significant differences in the mean scores from the Hope, Happiness and Life Satisfaction Scales for computer users and non-computer users. However, participants who were computer users on the average had higher mean scores on the Life Satisfaction and Hope Scale than non-computer users indicating that computer users had higher levels of global cognitive judgments towards their life satisfaction and a higher level of hope.
2011 Theses/Directed Projects
Rosemary Lewallen- Development of an Elder Abuse Awareness Training And Elder Abuse Recognition Tool For Meals On Wheels Volunteers (2011)
Abstract: The purpose of this project was to: (a) develop a replicable training program on elder abuse awareness, (b) develop a practical tool for Meals on Wheels (MOW) volunteers and staff to facilitate their recognition of signs of elder abuse, and (c) empower MOW volunteers and staff to report suspicions of elder abuse to prevent its continuance. In Phase One, 108 people received a half hour training including a lecture and documentary defining elder abuse, listing signs, and describing its prevalence and devastating effects. In Phase Two, 75 people attended a half hour seminar by trained professionals who reviewed information, emphasized who must report and how to report, followed by a posttest. Results showed 97.5% correct answers to knowledge-based questions and 89% who were more likely to report elder abuse than before the training. In Phase Three, volunteers were shadowed at each site and found to be observant and aware of signs of abuse or neglect.
Lisa Tran- Improving Students’ Opinions About Aging: Influence of Gerontology Curriculum in a Fourth and Fifth Grade Classroom (2011)
Abstract: Our nation’s population is aging and there are many misconceptions and stereotypes of older adults in our society. Many misconceptions and stereotypes are formed early during childhood. Typically, children tend to learn about aging from outside resources such as the media or books rather than having direct involvement with older adults or any type of formal education. This qualitative study examined the effect of an aging curriculum on elementary school aged student opinions about aging. A three-session program about aging was implemented with 22 fourth and fifth grade students from Saint Anthony Elementary School. The results of this directed project found that although there was not a dramatic improvement in opinions after the implementation of the curriculum, overall opinions shifted from negative to neutral, indicating that it is possible to change opinions about aging through a formal educational program. Future research should include participant reports about previous and current experiences with aging and explore optimal settings for formal education about aging.
Sherry Bloom- A Web-Based Resource For Instructors Using Improvisation Techniques With Older Adults (2011)
Abstract: The purpose of this project was to create a web-based resource for instructors using improvisation techniques with older adults. The goals of this project were to increase instructors’ knowledge of improvisation and to provide resources and scene ideas to help instructors in teaching a class in improvisation. The web-based resource is currently available on-line and consists of twelve sections: home, about me, research, improvisation exercises, mild cognitive impairment exercises, scene work basics, scene examples, instructor evaluation, participant evaluation, resources, references, and contact information. The exercises and scenes were developed from the researcher’s experience in various improvisation classes. The research section was developed using information from research studies. An expert-review panel reviewed the website. An instructor evaluation was created to provide feedback for the researcher on the instructor’s experience using the website. The participant evaluation was created to obtain feedback about the experience of taking the class.
Marjorie Coronel- Guided Autobiography And Effectiveness On Feelings Of Loneliness, Depression, and Self-Esteem In Older Adults (2011)
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to determine if there were psychosocial gains among 14 older adults after completion of an 8-week Guided Autobiography course. This study yielded both quantitative and qualitative data. Loneliness, depression and self-esteem were measured on the first and last class session. Although all the null hypotheses were accepted, posttest scores moved in a positive direction, indicating less feelings of loneliness, depression, and more feelings of self-esteem. The only significant finding was that self-esteem and self-reported health were highly correlated. In the qualitative portion of this study, participants stated that they gained knowledge, internal motivation to keep writing, and were more optimistic about the future. Literature that supports this present study strongly suggests that gerontologists who utilize Guided Autobiography not only can improve the quality of life for older adults, but also have better rapport with their clients in a hospital, educational or family setting.
Makiko Sato- The Perceptions of Elder Abuse Among Future Mandated Reporters (2011)
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between ethnic identity/ethnicity and perceptions of elder abuse among future mandated reporters, using the Multigroup Ethnic Identity Measure (MEIM) and eight elder abuse scenarios in a sample of 197 students in Health Care Administration, Nursing, and Social Work. Results indicated a significant relationship between ethnic identity and the perceptions of elder abuse among future mandated reporters. There were no significant differences among ethnic groups, majors, or age groups on the overall perceptions of abuse. Students had significantly different perceptions depending on abuse types. Neglect was the least obvious abuse type. There was a significant difference in reporting attitudes among majors. Social Work and Nursing majors were more likely to report elder abuse cases compared to students in Health Care Administration. Recommendation for education and future research are included.
Mayuko Yasuda- Conservators As Gerontologists: Gerontology Curriculum For Conservators (2011)
Abstract: Older adults with decisional incapacity are at great risk for frauds and financial abuse under today’s consumer-directed economic society. Today, conservators are served by a wide variety of professionals and non-professionals, and therefore, standardized gerontology education is potentially a major consideration for all conservators. The purpose of this project wsa to develop a gerontology curriculum for conservators to provide bio-psycho-social knowledge of the aging process in conjunction with their education on fiduciary matters. By comprehending aging holistically through gerontology, education, it is expected that conservators will more effectively manage the affairs of incapacitated elderly persons. This project also presents content on adult learning principles, and includes relevant case studies and student evaluation forms. Three expert reviewers evaluated the curriculum and offered recommendations for expansion.
2010 Theses/Directed Projects
Saemyi Chung- Development of a Curriculum for a Bachelor’s Degree in Gerontology for Universities in Korea (2010)
Abstract: The aging population is expected to cause diverse social issues and challenges to Korean society. Korea has confronted various cultural changes in social and family structure, values, norms, and beliefs. Increasing expenditures for social services, pensions, and health care for the aging population have also become challenges in Korea. Institutions of higher education in Korea rarely offer undergraduate programs that will equip students with solid gerontological knowledge and skills that would provide graduates with the ability to respond to various needs and concerns related to aging issues. With the publications and documents of the Association for Gerontology in Higher Education (AGHE) and gerontology curricula of 13 universities in the United States, this project developed a standard curriculum for a bachelor’s degree in gerontology for Korean universities. Evaluators suggested several issues to be considered in the implementation of the curriculum including faculty preparation and cost.
Gina Rossi- Anesthesiology, Geriatric Surgery, and the Risk of Post-Operative Cognitive Dysfunction (2010)
Abstract: Postoperative Cognitive Dysfunction refers to impairment in a person’s cognitive functioning after a surgical procedure with the use of general anesthesia. This study examined the health status, pharmacological agents used both preoperatively and postoperatively, duration of surgery, oxygen saturation level, creatinine level, and preoperative and postoperative cognitive status of 200 male subjects 65 years and older by evaluating their operative medical records. The purpose of this study was to evaluate relationship between these variables in relation to the development of Post Operative Cognitive Dysfunction. The results of this study found a relationship between cancer and post surgical confusion. Also, confusion significantly increased postoperatively as compared with preoperative levels. For this sample, a marginally significant finding was patients who were given the drug Versed experienced less postoperative confusion than with other drugs given preoperatively.
Barbara E. McClinton- Preparing for the Third Age: A Retirement Planning Course Outline For Lifelong Learning Programs (2010)
Abstract: Retirement in the United States is changing. Baby Boomers are working longer than previous cohorts and may postpone retirement. A literature review revealed the number of adults 65 years of age or over in the United States is projected to increase dramatically through 2030, with a larger percentage of these individuals remaining in the work force longer than prior cohorts. Previous studies showed that retirement planning programs have a positive impact on participants’ life satisfaction and adjustment to retirement. Knowledge and understanding of identified issues could positively affect participants’ successful transition into their third age. This project presents an innovative retirement planning course outline that incorporates financial, sociological, psychological, and physiological issues encountered during the transition from full-time work into retirement, including health promotion and disease prevention strategies. The report contains a course outline, presenter information form, course and presenter evaluation, course press release, marketing information, and suggested readings.
Leslie Peacock- Program Resources for Salvation Army Older Adult Programs (2010)
Abstract: The purpose of this project was to dispel the perception that a religious organization could not conduct programs in federally funded facilities and to create a resource CD/DVD to support Salvation Army Corps (churches) in locating materials on the internet that can assist them in planning effective religious and non-religious programs at federally funded Salvation Army Silvercrest facilities. Information was gathered and organized by topic including, but not limited to, Alzheimer's disease, crafts, elder abuse, life story, men's activities, health information, and religious programs. A Salvation Army board will have to provide approval before the CD/DVD can be distributed for testing purposes. The CD/DVD offers a wide-ranging selection of websites that should supply an abundance of ideas for the novice or the experienced program planner.
Melanie Weir- Impact of the Care Transitions Program on Caregiver Preparedness And Confidence (2010)
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to examine whether an intervention designed to improve care transitions for patients would also have an impact on caregivers’ sense of preparedness and confidence for providing post-hospital care. The intervention consists of a series of four or five phone calls conducted by a Care Transitions Coach, whose role is to encourage self-management, and help improve communications with providers. Forty-two caregivers were interviewed at two different points in time, initially upon completion of the Care Transitions Intervention and again 30 days later. Caregivers frequently agreed or strongly agreed with statements encompassing confidence and preparedness in managing tasks under the five domains addressed by the intervention (medication self-management, use of a patient-centered record, follow-up medical care, knowledge of warning signs and symptoms, and empowerment to assert preferences). This indicates that the Care Transitions Intervention may positively influence caregiver preparedness and confidence in providing post-hospital care, and that this effect may be sustained over time. This study did not find significant differences between the mean scores of male and female caregivers, or between older and younger caregivers, nor was a significant correlation found between the care recipient’s level of function and the caregiver’s preparedness and confidence. Additionally, while a significant difference was not established between caregiver self-rated health and caregiver preparedness and confidence, results were very close at p=.051. Therefore, a correlation may exist.
Kashif Ross- The Perspectives of Older Adults Regarding Online Learning (2010)
Abstract: The purpose for this Directed Project was to explore older adults’ attitudes about online learning environments. The participants in this study were community-dwelling adults between the ages of 50 and 79 that have used the Internet and have some knowledge or experience with online learning environments. The participants were asked six questions about their perspectives of learning and online learning communities. From the focus groups questions, several themes emerged. Online learning environments must include immediate and worthwhile results and incorporate the application of knowledge. However, participants also believe that there are drawbacks to taking online courses, which include intensive focus, difficulty learning how to use the online tools, and lack of interaction between the instructor and students.
Kelly Sydow- A Life Review and Memory Album Program to Enhance Family Communication in Assisted Living (2010)
Abstract: The purpose of this project was to develop and pilot a life review and Memory Album course to promote communication among supportive family members and related elders residing in an assisted living environment. The Project Director developed lesson plans for three sessions of a life review and Memory Album course including information on changes with aging and effective communication skills. Five main themes emerged from the program evaluation: Effective, meaningful and improved communication techniques with support and guidance in completing a Memory Album; enhancement of the participant and elder relationship through meaningful communication; positive group support and comfort level; increased awareness and acceptance of the aging process; and Memory Album as incentive for family involvement. As a result of the oral evaluation, a sub-theme emerged: improve participation with a wider recruitment base. Recommendations were made for practice and further research.
2009 Theses/Directed Projects
Chia Yun Hsieh- The Effects Of Leisure Education On Chinese Older Adults (2009)
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of leisure education has on attitudes toward leisure, perceived leisure control, and barriers to leisure experiences in Chinese older adults immigrants in the United States. A 6-week leisure education program as an intervention was conducted on 18 Chinese older adult immigrants, and the LAM, the LDB Scale B, and Scale F were used as pre- and post-test instruments. The results showed that the leisure education program did positively change the participants’ attitudes toward leisure, however, it was not effective in changing their perceived leisure control and barriers to leisure. In addition, the results showed that the lesirue education program had a more positive impact on those participants who were less educated than the more educated in their overall attitudes toward leisure and barriers to leisure.
Bonnie Louie-Griffith- Perceived Stress And Social Support Among MSW Students (2009)
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between perceived stress and social support among Masters of Social Work (MSW) students. The data were collected in this study through a self-administered questionnaire. The sample size was 64 students. The survey instrument consisted of the Perceived Stress Scale, the Perceived Social Support from Friends, Perceived Social Support from Family, and demographic questions. The results indicated that MSW students reported moderately high levels of perceived support from family and friends. Single students reported higher levels of support from friends than students who were married, engaged, or co-habitating. Also, a higher level of family support was associated with lower levels of stress. This finding suggests that students without family support may be a particularly vulnerable group. The results of this study suggest that MSW programs need to create opportunities for students to network with each other and offer each other support.
2008 Theses/Directed Projects
Taina Bucci: Problem Gambling Among Older Adults- A Training Program for California Service Providers (2008)
Abstract: The purpose of this directed project was to develop a curriculum addressing problem gambling among older adults. The curriculum was used in the development of a PowerPoint training program that targeted California service providers. The topics covered in the presentation were: (a) history and general overview of gambling; (b) current overview of gambling including California; (c) issues related to problem and pathological gambling among older adults; (d) awareness and prevention of problem gambling; (e) identification, screening, and assessment of problem gambling; and (f) intervention and treatment approaches and options. The curriculum and PowerPoint presentation developed for this project proved to be effective in training California service providers on problem gambling among older adults based on the results of the evaluation and comments made by pilot test participants.
Elaine Chen- Geriatric Guide: Assessment by Elder Abuse Investigators (2008)
Abstract: This project’s goal was to obtain recommendations for tailoring the Geriatric Pocket Doc (GPD), a guide book of geriatric information for non-physicians, for use by law enforcement officers who investigate elder abuse. Using a written survey and facilitated discussion group, investigators and detectives in an advanced Elder Abuse Investigations course were asked how they would improve the GPD’s content, organization, and presentation. In the literature, experts have expressed the need for officers to have training and easy-to-carry information on common medical issues of older adults. Project participants (N=21) indicated the GPD was a useful tool that they would carry on the job. Participants suggested adding photos of bruises and pressure sores and adding tabs or color-coding. Participants recommended supplementing the existing book with additional formats, such as laminated foldouts, a CD-ROM, and a website which would allow frequent updates.
William Goeller- The Relationships between Optimism, Hope and Lifelong Learning in Older Adults (2008)
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to determine if there were relationships between optimism, hope and lifelong learning. The significant findings in this study were the overall positive attributional style mean scores for lifelong learners on the Older Adult Attributional Questionnaire being significantly higher, and the higher mean scores obtained by lifelong learners on the total hope score, the agency subscale, and the pathways subscale of the Hope Scale. These significant differences suggest that lifelong learners are more optimistic and hopeful than non-lifelong learners. These higher levels of optimism and hope have been shown to have positive effect on the physical, psychological, and social well-being of older adults in a number of cited studies. These findings strongly suggest that for older adults to have higher levels of optimism and hope in the future, more learning opportunities need to become available to them that are designed specifically to address the issues of optimism and hope in order to enable them to enjoy the benefits of both of those constructs.
Laurie Miller- The Influence Of Teaching Methods On Retention of Health Related Material in Older Adults (2008)
Abstract: This study investigated if a learner-centered teaching method or a lecture teaching method allowed for better retention of material for adults aged 65 and older on the topic of fiber and heart disease. Four hypotheses were tested. The sample included 122 adults aged 65 and older from 5 senior centers in Los Angeles City, California. The results of this study indicated that there was no significant difference between a lecture and a learner-centered teaching method in retention of information about fiber and heart disease in adults aged 65 and older. There were no significant differences in retention of information related to gender, ethnicity, or annual household income. Overall, the participants scored higher on the posttest than the pretest. Although not significant, the learner-center group had a higher change score than the lecture group. Study limitations and suggestions for future research are included.
Ellen Po Wong- Gerontology’s Impact on the Financial Services, Travel, and Housing Industries (2008)
Abstract: The purpose of this Directed Project was to evaluate awareness about gerontology and the need for professionals with aging expertise in three silver industries (financial services, travel, and housing). By understanding the role of gerontologists in these industries, graduate programs in gerontology can enhance their curriculums to address the needs of business/industry and assist students with identifying career options. The Investigator conducted five face-to-face interviews with travel and housing professionals and four telephone interviews with banking professionals. The participants identified the following attributes as being important: knowledge of marketing and aging needs, the ability to provide concrete services (education/training, advocacy), interpersonal and leadership skills, passion, and sales experience. Entrepreneurial and consulting opportunities exist for gerontologists. To work in the silver industries, gerontologists should demonstrate their expertise, create niches, understand the business environment, and have marketing and sales experience, areas gerontology programs can address to remain responsive to changing industry needs.
Tina M. Calderone-Roth- Focus Groups with Seniors on the Topic of Advance Directives (2008)
Abstract: The purpose of this directed graduate project was to explore the thoughts, attitudes, beliefs, opinions, general understanding of community dwelling seniors about advance directives. Utilizing qualitative research methods, questions were asked for 16 participants, aged 65 or older, in 2 focus groups. Six specific questions addressed the following subject areas: meaning of advance directives, reasons for completing advance directives, and when is the right time to complete advance directives. Limited research has been conducted with independent seniors on the subject matter of advance directives. For this reason, it was important for this project to focus on independent seniors. The emergent themes were: "confusion/uncertainty about terms and process" and "need for discussion with doctors and family." The participants shared personal experiences. Recommendations for research were included in this project.
Amy R. Leeman- Factors that Influence Resilience among Older Californians in the Context of Terrorism (2008)
Abstract: This study examined potential factors influencing resilience levels among older Californians in the context of terrorism. A sample population of N=86 adults, age 60 or older, completed a 48-item survey with existing scales measuring resilience, general-self efficacy and 12-items about specific research variables and respondent demographics. Existing literature suggests that resilience levels vary greatly among older adults depending upon individual characteristics and external influences. This study examined specific variables generally associated with adult and older adult resilience including sex, age group/life stage, birth cohort, self-efficacy, previous exposure and impact of trauma, access to and use of formal and informal support systems, and individual disaster preparedness. Analysis of the data found that general self-efficacy (p =.000) and access to informal support (p= .050) were statistically significant in relationship to resilience levels among older Californians.
2007 Theses/Directed Projects
Jo Stephanie Francisco- The Role of the Residents Service Coordinator Program in Low-income Senior Housing (2007)
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the role of the Resident Service Coordinator program in low-income senior housing of the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD). Specifically, the study looked at apartment turnovers, resident and staff satisfaction, nursing home placements, expenses, family involvement, staff morale, supportive services, in-services, and hospital admissions. The review of literature indicated that the Resident Service Coordinator program can have a significant effect on the ability of residents to age in place and stay living independently longer in low-income senior HUD housing. The results of the study showed a significant difference in nursing home placements, the use of supportive services, and in the number of in-services/presentations available to residents of Section 8 senior HUD housing facilities with a Resident Service Coordinator compared to those without a Resident Service Coordinator.
Thomas O.Ohanlon- Creativity and Successful Aging in Assisted Living Facility (2007)
Abstract: The purpose of this directed project was to explore the meaning of creativity and successful aging within assisted living. Employing qualitative design, face-to-face interviews were conducted within 15 residents, aged 65 or older, residing in 2 assisted living facilities. Standardized questions addressed the following: demographics, retirement, creativity, and successful aging in assisted living. Results indicate creativity was perceived as an ongoing dynamic, proactively responding to changing conditions, situations, and events in order to fashion acceptable outcomes. Successful aging was viewed as an irrepressible process, traversing the life-span, uniquely defined, actively engaged in, purposefully embraced, flexibly adjusted to, heartily enjoyed, and with the goal of life satisfaction in both this world and the next. Assisted living was understood as a place where: respondents called home, limitations were judiciously overcome, activities were actively engaged in, services were diligently provided, and relationships were considered as paramount.
2006 Theses/Directed Projects
Lora Bronson- Ocean Ecology Series: A Lifelong Learning Curriculum Designed for Baby Boomers (2006)
Abstract: Baby Boomers entering older adulthood are expected to pursue educational activities; however, they are unlike today’s traditional older adults, and may not find the current models of older adult educational programs appealing. Therefore, educational programs that targets baby boomers need to plan and market their programs carefully and strategically. According to research, baby boomers are savvy consumers who prefer educational programs that use age-neutral terminology and offer innovative classes at convenient times. Programs that do not make efforts to accommodates the baby boomers’ unique needs and interests are unlikely to be successful among this cohort, and risk becoming obsolete. This project meets the educational needs and interests of the baby boomer cohort by presenting a unique, one-semester, ocean-related curriculum with three components: classroom lectures, field trips, and opportunities for volunteering. This project includes a course outline, plans for field trips and volunteer opportunities, three evaluation tools, a marketing plan, and a program budget.
Chun-Ping Chang- An Examination of Social and Recreational Needs Among Older Chinese Residents in an Independent Living Site (2006)
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to investigate the needs of independent living older Chinese residents for social and recreational services. The goal of this research is to decrease the underutilization of related services among this particular old err population and provide them with a better quality of life. This quantitative study utilized existing data from a nonprofit organization, life STEPS, which provides contracted properties. The study was able to generate results from 25 self-administered questionnaires. Results indicated that residents mostly seek assistance form adult children when reaching out for needed services or benefits. Subjects' service preferences have resembled many concrete needs of the general aging population. Other recommended services consisting of transportation, language, socialization, and essential social services were mentioned in the study to promote service utilization rate, peer interaction, and mental and physical well-being.
Linda J. Gomez-Ortigoza- The Impact Of Nutrition Education On College Students’ Eating Behaviors And Health Risks (2006)
Abstract: The purpose of the study was to investigate the effects of earlier nutrition education on health risks, consumption habits of fast foods and soft drinks, and choice of portion sizes; as well as the impact of television viewing on college students’ food preferences. Seven hypotheses were tested. The sample included 157 undergraduate and graduate students in southern California. Although 70.7% of the participants had earlier nutrition education in middle, high school, or college, it did not positively affect fast food choices, portion sizes, frequency, soft drink consumption, eating while watching television, influence of television advertisements, or health risks. Ninety-three percent of the college students sampled ate fast foods. Eight-six percent consumed fast food 1-3 times per week. Forty-five point two percent of the college students sampled consumed medium portions of fast foods and 96.1% were spending 1-3 hours per day watching television. Besides water, soda was their favorite drink. Thirty point nine percenter were overweight or obese.
Heather Wanklet- Anxiety About Aging: A Consideration of Gender and Sexual Orientation (2006)
Abstract- The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of sexual orientation on anxiety about aging among men and women, aged 21 and older. A total of 222 participants met the subject criteria. The Anxiety about Aging Scale was used. Significant differences in total mean scores were found between age/cohort groups. When asked, "At what age do you consider yourself to be old?" age increased by age/cohort. Male also considered themselves old at a younger age than females, and nonheterosexuals considered themselves to be old at a younger age than heterosexuals.
2005 Theses/Directed Projects
Lydia Sameshima-Faeth- A Stressed Intervention Using Group Taiko Drumming for Caregivers of the Elderly (2005)
Abstract: This study was an investigation of the effectiveness of an interventional therapy involving group taiko drumming on the self-assessed stress levels of individual caregivers for the elderly. While it has been reported in the literature that there is evidence for the use of drum circles and recreational drumming to reduce stress, group drumming using Japanese taiko drums as a stress reducing therapy had not been previously studied. The results of this study indicated a significant reduction in the self- assessed stress levels of the single group sample. In addition, a significantly higher opinion was observed as to the potential effectiveness of taiko drumming on stress reduction after interventional drumming therapy sessions as compared to pretest responses. Based on the results of this study, further research on the use of group taiko drumming is suggested as is the practical application of taiko drumming among individual caregivers and caregiver support groups.
Andrea Hunt-Jordan- Medication Compliance Among Black Elders (2005)
Abstract: This study looked at medication compliance in 60 black elders and the association between compliance (not skipping prescribed medication) and various factors, including age, educational level, living arrangements, and medication knowledge. Knowledge was defined as awareness of prescribed frequency, physical appearance of the pill, side effects, and purpose. Data were collected by interview during which a questionnaire was completed and participants' medications examined. The data was analyzed using Number Cruncher Statistical System (NCSS) and SAStm Programs. The results showed that 85% of this group reported that they did not skip medications. Age was inversely associated with compliance but educational level was not. Of the knowledge components, correct knowledge of prescribed frequency and medication appearance were predictors of compliance.
Rachel Marie Price- Opinions Of Older Adults: California Department Of Motor Vehicles Three-Tier Driver Assessment System (2005)
Abstract: This study was conducted to investigate the opinion of older adults regarding the Three-Tier Driver Assessment System and the components of the system that determine which drivers are safe to drive in California. This study examined differences in opinion about the components by age, gender, driver status, and level of restrictions on driving habits. A sample of 144 senior center participants in Long Beach, California, 55 years of age or older was used in this study. The results indicated that participants generally supported the proposed Three-Tier Driver Assessment System. Opinions of respondents did not differ significantly by age, gender, driving status, or level of restriction on driving habits. Using correlation analyses, moderate relationships were found between total opinion scores and participants' overall opinion of the Three-Tier Driver Assessment System, and between total opinion scores and participants' approval of the Three-Tier Driver Assessment System, if implemented.
2004 Theses/Directed Projects
2003 Theses/Directed Projects
Hiroko Kimura- The Effects of Aromatherapy With The Scent Of Lavender On The Psychological Well-Being On Elderly Adults (2003)
Abstract: For successful aging, elderly adults need to maintain a positive mood for enhancement of psychological well-being (Smith, Borchelt, Maier, & Jopp, 2002). However, in recent studies, late life depression and anxiety are prevalent and have become major issues in society (Serby & Yu, 2003). The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of aromatherapy with essential oil of lavender on the psychological well-being of elderly individuals. A randomized, single-blinded, placebo-controlled, trial was conducted on 8 residents in an assisted living facility in this study. The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (Snaith & Zigmond, 1994) was used as a form of pre-test and post-test during this experiment to measure the psychological well-being of the elderly. The data were analyzed using a Mann-Whitney U Test and Wilcoxon Signed Ranked Test. The results demonstrated that the aromatherapy experiment with essential oil of lavender did not have an impact on the psychological well-being and was not effective in reducing the level of anxiety and depression of the subjects.
2002 Theses/Directed Projects
Takako Fujimoto- Usability Of Public Restroom Latches (2002)
Abstract: Public restrooms are required by law to be architecturally accessible for people with disabilities. A restroom latch is one of the restroom elements that define accessibility of public restrooms. The purpose of this study was to identify universally accessible public restroom latches. Three test latches labeled “ADA compatible” were manipulated by 120 individuals of various ages and upper extremity skills. The usability of these latches was measured by a 4-point Likert scale. The significant difference in usability of the test latches was obtained. A flip-over latch was most usable followed by turn latch and a slide latch. The main factor that influenced the subjects’ response to the usability of the latches was the ease of the operation. The results of this research suggest that the requirements of accessibility laws and standards regarding public restrooms latches are not truly sensitive to the needs of environmentally vulnerable individuals.
Sylvia Marie Quesada- Cultural And Cohort Differences On Knowledge And Perception Of Elderly Self-Neglect (2002)
Abstract: The purpose of this study was twofold. The first purpose was to investigate cohorts’ and cultural groups’ knowledge of elderly self-neglect. The second purpose was to investigate differences in the perception of self-neglect behaviors among the four cohorts and four cultural groups. A convenience sample of 494 subjects, 18 years of age or older, was used for this study. Subjects included students attending spring 2001 and summer session 2001 classes at California State University, Long Beach (CSULB), CSULB faculty and staff, attendees at local senior centers and people attending cultural fairs. Results of multiple analyses of variance revealed differences in knowledge and perception scores among cohorts and cultures. The study found that gender was the only factor likely to influence knowledge scores. Both culture and cohort factors influenced perceptions regarding elderly self-neglect in the areas of health care, socialization, work, violence, activity level, alcoholism, medication, and caloric intake.
2001 Theses/Directed Projects
Hatiga Frank- Predicting Who Will Benefit From Self-Management Strategies For Coping With Chronic Pain (2001)
Abstract: Unresponsive to medical treatment, chronic pain persists, impacting sensory, affective, cognitive, and physical functioning, causing many sufferers to reduce participating in various valued activities. Despite the effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral interventions emphasizing positive thinking and personal control, a significant subset of individuals do not respond. This study sought to show how use of Control and Refusal measures in pretreatment screening could identify patients at risk for failure and enabling pain management programs to use a more proscriptive approach to treatment planning. The subjects of this study, a secondary data analysis, were treated at such a program. Their (a) depression and (b) such inner resources as perception of Control and Refusal to allow pain to constrain their life style were measured. Findings showed an inverse association between reported levels of depression and a sense of control along with refusal to accept constraints on valued activities in both younger and older patients.
Hiromi Yamada- Effects Of Acculturation On Familiarity With And Utilization Of Advance Directives Among Japanese American Elders (2001)
Abstract: The primary purposes of this study were to explore the effects of acculturation on Japanese American elders’ familiarity with advance directives and associations between their familiarity with and utilization of advance directives. The secondary purpose of this study was to examine associations between Japanese American elders’ familiarity with advance directives and their social characteristics and health care decision-making. Results reveal that Japanese American elders who were raised and educated in the United States were more likely to be familiar with advance directives than who were raised and educated in Japan. Those who are able to understand English are also more likely to be familiar with advance directives.
Linda Zimmerman- Television Commercials And Advertising Approaches For The Mature Market: A Content Analysis
Abstract: This study was a content analysis of prime time television commercials on 3 major networks for the presence and characteristics of older adults. Though the appearance of older adults has grown over the past 14 years, consistent with previous research, older adults continue to be underrepresented compared with their population proportion. Also consistent with previous studies, older women were significantly underrepresented in their inclusion in advertisements. Older men were assigned more major and information providing roles, and older women were assigned more background and information receiving roles. Older adults were primarily depicted positively as happy, healthy and strong in diverse settings designed to target multiple age groups. This study suggests that advertisers have not changed their approach to casting older people in commercials over the past 14 years. Research should continue in this area to track changes over time with an emphasis on the depiction of older women.
2000 Theses/Directed Projects
Carolyn A. Ishida- Edenization of Nursing Homes And the Effect On Contact Behavior, Infection Rate, And Antimicrobial Use (2000)
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of a currently popular method of caring for elderly nursing home residents on touch contact behavior infection rate, and use of antimicrobials in settings where children and animals are present. The investigation was performed in one Eden and one non-Eden facility in major urban area. Chi-square analysis of behavior mapping data revealed a significantly higher resident-animal contact in the Eden facility and a significantly higher resident-visitor contact at the non-Eden facility. A binomial comparison of two Poisson rates was used to investigate differences in quarterly antimicrobial use. A downward trend in rate of systemic antimicrobial use was noted in the Eden facility over time; antimicrobial use in the non-Eden nursing home showed very little change.
Stacey Fusae Nagata- Aging And Implicit Memory For Words: Multiple Level Processing (2000)
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to investigate implicit memory in elderly individuals and examine priming of words in the context of a real-world stimulus providing rich contextual cues of a combination of words and pictures. A total of 67 subjects, 60+ years of age, recruited from the local Long Beach and surrounding communities and Hawaii participated in the present study. The subjects were randomly assigned to a control or experiemental group. Experimental subjects were instructed to read a storybook, then answer questions from a global cognitive assessment. During the test phase, a counterbalanced word-fragment form was administered. The word-fragment form was formulated with selected target words from the storybook, categorized as text, pictures, pictures with text and for high or low frequency within the storybook or English language. The subjects were not told of the relationship between the storybook and the word-fragment completion task. The intention was to make the word-fragment completion task an indirect task so there would be no intentional retrieval strategies used. Control subjects were administered the global cognitive assessment and then given the same intructions as the experimental group to complete the word-fragment form. Using repeated measures ANOVA, significant differences were not found between control and experimental groups for all variables. Although not statistically significant, the experimental group completed more word fragments with target words in all categories examined. There was a significant main effect (p<.05) within the experimental and control group for recall of target words in the order of text words > picture with text words > picture words. The between and within group results suggest that refinements in the study methods with an increase in sample size may decrease variability and yield more significant differences for all variables. The significant differences (p<.01) of the within group variables for recall of words based on category and frequency in the story and language, suggest that frequency of information and modality of presentation is important for older adults.
Karen Weher- Caregiving Spouses of Men With Parkinson’s Disease (2000)
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to investigate the daily caregiving hassles and future concerns of spouses who care for men with Parkinson’s Disease. A convenience sample of 54 subjects in Parkinson’s disease support groups was surveyed using the Caregiving Hassles Scale and four additional instruments. The results indicated that female spouses perceived low caregiver strain. Subjects rated instrumental activities of daily living as the greatest hassle and areas of social network as the least hassle. There was a positive correlation between severity of disease and perceptions of hassles. Future concerns included the mental health of the care-recipient, moving the care-recipient for assisted care, and death of the caregiver. Education was negatively correlated with strains related to physical aspects of care and with selected future concerns. Recommendations for further research and implications for health professionals are included.
1999 Theses/Directed Projects
Mary D. Paul- Health Status And Retirement Preparation Of Poor, Aging Latina Women Living in Zip Code Area 92701 (1999)
Abstract: The purposes of this study were: (a) to examine health status; (b) to examine health care access; (c) to examine housing and employment; (d) to examine caregiving responsibilities; (e) to examine to retirement preparation; and, (f) to examine the greatest aging concerns and needs of poor Latinas age 45-64 living in Santa Ana, CA zip code area 92701. Findings of the study reveal that poor Latina age 45-64 are ill-prepared and ill-equipped for aging and retirement. Moreover, unless health care access is expanded and serving organizations and agencies intensify linguistically and culturally appropriate outreach and services, the implications for long-term care and the resulting financial burdens on their respective families and urgent public systems of care are likely to be profound.
1998 Theses/Directed Projects
Diane L. Halal- Gerontology Website (1998)
Abstract: The purpose of this project was to set up a web site for the Gerontology Program at California State University, Long Beach through the Family and Consumer Sciences Department. The objectives of this project were to research the awareness and need for information to help serve the interest of gerontology, and to survey the preferences and interests of possible users, so that an effective web site could be created. Information on web site construction was obtained through workshops at California State University, Long Beach and Los Alamitos Unified School District. The web site was placed on the internet and a final survey of users regarding the preferences on format, colors and graphics was completed. The site has been updated to reflect current information, and is being used as a marketing tool for the Gerontology Program.
Jaqueline Reyna Stern- Anxiety About Aging And Perceptions Of Humor In Birthday Cards (1998)
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between age, sex, anxiety about aging, and perception of humor as represented in ageist and nonageist birthday card content. One hundred seventy-three participants (65 men and 108 women) ranging in age from 19 to 49 years, were taken from the undergraduate classes at California State University, Long Beach. The instrument consisted of the Anxiety About Aging Scale-Revised and a Birthday Card Survey. Results indicated no relationship between anxiety about aging and perception of humor. t Tests and analyses of variance revealed age and sex were significantly related to perceptions of humor. Females found humorous birthday cards funnier than males did. Females found birthday cards in the nonageist category funnier than males did. Females found birthday cards in the nonageist category funnier than did males. The younger group (19-24) found birthday cards in the ageist category funnier than did the older group (25-49).
1997 Theses/Directed Projects
Pamela Mokler- Nursing Home Administrators’ Perceptions Of The Effects Of Education And Training On Nursing Home Quality of Care (1997)
Abstract: The purposes of this study were (a) to examine nursing home administrators’ perceptions regarding the significance of their education and training to prepare them to ensure quality care in the nursing homes which they manage, (b) to examine the relationship of education and training to nursing home quality of care, and (c) to explore nursing home administrators’ perceptions regarding the indicators from they believe are good measures of nursing home quality of care and those indicators which they believe they can influence. Results reveal that nursing home administrators believe that continuing education and their own attitudes predict nursing home quality of care. Administrators further identified management areas which they believe college education, continuing education, and training should emphasize; quality indicators that they believe are the best and worst measures of nursing home quality of care; and quality indicators over which administrators have the most influence.
Cynthia Ellen Schlesinger- College Students’ Attitudes Toward Older Adults With Physical Disabilities (1997)
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to investigate influential factors on college students’ attitudes toward older adults with physical disabilities. Specific attention was given to: Perceived survey administrator characteristics (senior citizen or senior citizen in a wheelchair), self-reported frequency of respondents’ contact with persons with a disability, self-reported frequency of respondents’ contact with older adults, self-identified disability status, and gender. A convenience sample of 304 college students attending California State University, Long Beach 1997 summer session, completed the Older Adult Disability Scale (OADS). ANOVA results revealed self-reported frequency of contact with persons with a disability and gender were significant in influencing attitudes. The study found that women and participants who self-reported moderate (weekly or monthly) contact with persons with a disability have more positive or less negative attitudes toward older adults with physical disabilities.
Student Research and Presentations
Students are highly encouraged to present their work at national, state, and local conferences. Below is a selection of publications by Gerontology Program students. Names of students appear in bold.
The Center for Successful Aging brings faculty and community partners together to develop creative solutions for diverse aging populations. The Center for Successful Aging promotes interdisciplinary applied research as a means to reduce disparities and promote well-being in communities. The Center for Successful Aging promotes workforce development, interprofessional, and continuing education on aging with an emphasis in cultural competence.