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Courses - GEOG Upper Division

**The below information has been altered from the published version of the catalog. GEOG 475 and GEOG 575 are now properly double-numbered in the courses listed below. A list of differences in the online and published version of the catalog is available. **

General Education Category A must be completed prior to taking any upper division course.

301. The Urban Scene (3)

Prerequisites: GE Foundation requirement, one or more Exploration courses, and upper division standing.
Analysis of urban life-styles; land use and design; population trends; conflicts in the increasingly multicultural urban setting; housing and community development; suburban-central city relationships; human utilization of urban life spaces; opinions of landmark urbanists; and future trends.
Not open for credit to students with credit in U/ST 301 or SOC 419.

304. California (3)

California's diverse natural and cultural environment with emphasis upon social and economic problems and the human response to environmental hazards.

306. United States and Canada (3)

Prerequisites: GE Foundation requirement.
Common social, economic and political interests of the major human use regions of the United States and Canada. Describes and interprets the culture patterns of each region in relation to the natural settings in which they have developed.

308. Africa South of the Sahara (3)

Prerequisites: GE Foundation requirement, one or more Explorations courses, and upper-division standing.
Human and environmental settings of Africa South of Sahara and the ecological, cultural, demographic, economic settlement and political relationships that characterize them.

309. The Middle East and North Africa (3)

Prerequisites: GE Foundation requirement, one or more Explorations courses, and upper-division standing.
Human and physical settings of the Middle East and North Africa and the cultural, economic, settlement, and political relationships that characterize them stressing those factors which underlie the region's instability and global importance.

313. Southeast Asia (3)

Prerequisites: GE Foundation reuirement, one or more Exploration courses and upper division standing.
Cross-cultural examination of the characteristics and problems found across Southeast Asia, specifically, environmental and cultural patterns, historical development of the spatial organization of society, demographic and other dynamics of social change, and issues of socio-economic and political development.
Letter grade only (A-F).

314. South Asia (3)

Prerequisites: GE Foundation requirement, one or more Exploration courses and upper division standing.
Cross-cultural examination of the various characteristics and problems found across the region of South Asia. Specific foci are environmental and cultural patterns, the historical development of the spatial organization of society, demographic and other dynamics of social change related to issues of socio-economic and political development.
Letter grade only (A-F).

315. East Asia (3)

Prerequisites: GE Foundation requirement, one or more Exploration courses and upper division standing.
Cross-cultural examination of the characteristics and problems found across East Asia, specifically, environmental and cultural patterns, historical development of the spatial organization of society, demographic and other dynamics of social change, andissues of socio-economic and political development.
Letter grade only (A-F).

316. Europe (3)

Prerequisites: GE Foundation requirement.
The human and physical patterns of Europe. Current cultural conditions and environmental problems.

318. Russia and Its Neighbors (3)

Prerequisite: GE Foundation requirement.
Systematic and regional study of the physical, economic and cultural geography of the countries of the former Soviet Union.

319. International Development (3)

Prerequisites: GE Foundation requirement, one Explorations course, upper-division standing.
Theoretical and practical analysis of social, political, and economic development and alternative developmental models. Contemporary and historical comparisons of how "developed" and "developing" areas of the world have confronted various economic, social, and political challenges.
Same course as I/ST 319. Not open for credit to students with credit in I/ST 319.

321. Geography of Mexico, Central America and the Caribbean (3)

Prerequisites: GE Foundation requirements.
Examines Mexico, Central America and the Caribbean from a regional geographical perspective. Utilizing both historical and contemporary points of view, it identifies and interprets the distinguishing environmental, demographic, cultural, social, economic, and geopolitical characteristics of the region.
Not open to students who have taken GEOG 320I. Letter grade only (A-F).

340. Environmental Geography (3)

Prerequisite: GEOG 130 or GEOG 140 or GEOL 280.
Examines interrelationships between society and land and water environments. Focuses is on critical analysis of contemporary environmental issues in American West, including both physical and human factors.
Letter grade only (A-F).

352. Geography of Travel and Tourism (3)

Historical and comtemporary spatial characteristics and dimensions of tourism activity. Tourism, destinations, travel patterns, environmental and economic impacts, and analysis of regional tourism patterns.

355. International Environmental Issues (3)

Prerequisites: GE Foundation requirement, one Explorations course, and upper division standing.
Examines the deterioration, destruction, maintenance and restoration of environmental systems and resources. Identifies and analyzes major environmental problems that have international dimensions. Investigates ongoing and potential efforts to resolve them.
Same course as I/ST 355. Not open for credit to students with credit in I/ST 355.

357. Sacred Geographies (3)

Prerequisites: Completion of GE Foundation, one or more Exploration courses and upper division status.
Comparative exploration of sacred spaces across the world. Examines the social, political, and religious processes that create places of ritual and reverence by linking the individual to the communal experience of place.
Letter grade only (A-F).

360. Human Geography (3)

Prerequisites: GEOG 100, GEOG 120, or GEOG 160.
Introduces breadth of research across subfields of human geography through examination of various contemporary topics, such as migration, globalization, cultural landscapes, urbanization, politics, agricultural practices, and development.
Letter grade only (A-F).

380. Map Interpretation and Analysis (3)

Interpretation and understanding of maps as graphic communication with emphasis on critical analysis, symbolization, scale, projection.
(Lecture, problems 3 hours)

400. Geographical Analysis (4)

Prerequisite: GEOG 200 or any introductory statistics course or consent of instructor.
Examination of advanced quantitative techniques employed by geographers in analysis of spatial phenomena. Topics covered include multivariate statistical methods as models for geographical analysis. Emphasis on the application of these techniques in geographical research, using statistical software.
(3 hours seminar and 2 hours laboratory).

402. Qualitative Geographic Analysis (4)

Prerequisite: GEOG 360 or consent of instructor.
Examines qualitative geographic methodologies and methods through the theoretical frameworks that geographers employ in their research. Introduces survey, interview, and focus group techniques, textual analysis, participant observation, and ethnography. Includes a hands-on research experience.
(4 hours discussion). Letter grade only (A-F).

440./540. Land and Water Resources (3)

Prerequisite: ESP 200 or GEOG 340 or consent of instructor.
Examines interrelationships between land and water as components of the human environment. Focus is on management, use and human impacts, with an emphasis on water resources.
Letter grade only (A-F). (Lecture-discussion)

441./541. The Geography of Mars (4)

Prerequisite/Corequisite: GEOG 130 or GEOG 140 or GEOL 102 and GEOG 280 or consent of instructor.
Introduction to the geography of Mars, providing a physical regionalization of the Martian surface and climate and an understanding of underlying tectonic, geomorphic, and meteorological processes. The course reviews remote sensing fundamentals and data sources for geographical analysis of Mars.
Letter grade only (A-F). (3 hours seminar, 2 hours activity).

442. Biogeography (3)

Prerequisite: ESP 200 or GEOG 340 or consent of instructor.
Theories and methods of mapping plant and animal distributions, spatial interaction of species with environmental limiting factors, and the human role in temporal and spatial variation of ecosystems.
Letter grade only (A-F). (Lec‑problems; field experience)

443. Watersheds: Processes and Management (4)

Prerequisite: ESP 200 or GEOG 340 or consent of instructor.
Basic principles of watershed hydrology, including hydrologic processes, runoff behavior, precipitation patterns and watershed models. Evaluation of water quality elements such as nonpoint source pollution. Laboratory and field exercises will include hydrologic data collection, processing and evaluation.
Letter grade only (A-F). (3 hours Lecture, 2 hours Laboratory)

444. Climatology (3)

Prerequisite: ESP 200 or GEOG 340 or consent of instructor.
Descriptive and explanatory analysis of elements and controls of climate. Climates of world emphasis on California and North America.
Letter grade only (A-F). (Lecture, problems 3 hours)

445. Paleoclimatology (4)

Prerequisites: ESP 200 or GEOG 340 and GEOG 200 (or equivalent) or consent of instructor.
Methods and theories used in reconstructing and dating climates of the past 2 million years, using such proxies as sediment sequences, packrat middens, ice cores, tree rings, corals, and documentary data. Causes of environmental change and human interactions are analyzed.
Letter grade only (A-F). (Lecture 3 hours, lab activities 2 hours)

446. Land Use Planning (3)

Examines land use planning, issues and responses concerning land use; coastal zones; environmental resource management; urban growth; design and aesthetics; planning parameters for residences, parks, conservation areas, shopping centers, and industrial areas; urban and regional revitalization, and transportation.
Not open for credit to students with credit in U/ST 446

447. Landscape Restoration (3)

Prerequisite: ESP 200 or GEOG 340 or consent of instructor.
Explores philosophical, political, and ecological issues associated with restoring degraded landscapes. Analysis of theoretical works, scientific research, planning documents and case studies. Examines potential for restoring natural landscapes.
Letter grade only (A-F).

448./548. Environmental Assessment (3)

Prerequisite: ESP 200 or GEOG 340 or consent of instructor.
Introduction to the policy framework and techniques for assessing impacts on various aspects of the biological and physical environment. The course is a survey of multiple topics involving various types of environmental assessment, including data collection, processing and evaluation.
Letter grade only (A-F). (Undergraduates register in GEOG 448; graduates register in 548.) (3 hours lecture, activity)

452. Geography of the Global Economy (3)

Prerequisite: GEOG 360 or consent of instructor.
Examines globalization processes that create integration of world's economic, political, and cultural systems, but operate unevenly across space and time. Focuses on impact on people and places around the world.
(Lecture, problems) Letter grade only (A-F).

455. People As Agents of Environmental Change (3)

Prerequisite: GEOG 340 or consent of instructor.
Examines human impact on biophysical environment from long-term and global perspective. Explores regional and global implications of these changes on people and environments. Examines different theories for explaining major human forces that drive environmental change.
Letter grade only (A-F). (Lecture 3 hours)

458./558. Hazards and Risk Management (3)

Prerequisite: ESP 200 or GEOG 340 or consent of instructor.
Broad overview of hazards and disasters, whether natural or technological, emphasizing the physical and social dynamics that interact to produce hazard, the spatial and temporal distributions of various hazards, and policy options for disaster preparation, loss reduction, and community resilience.
Letter grade only (A-F).

460. Population Geography (3)

Prerequisite: GEOG 360 or consent of instructor.
Introduction to geographic study of population. Includes growth and distribution of world population; results of changing births, deaths, and migration; variations in population composition; related problems such as food supplies and environmental deterioration.
Letter grade only (A-F).

462. Feminist Geography (3)

Prerequisite: GEOG 360 or consent of instructor.
An introduction to feminist geography. Critically engage with international research on topics such as geographies of emotion, care and health; femininities and masculinities; feminist post-structural theories and philosophies; and feminist methodological approaches to geographical research.
Letter grade only (A-F). Same course as WGSS 462. Not open for credit to students with credit in WGSS 462

464. Urban Geography (3)

Prerequisite: GEOG 100, GEOG 120, or GEOG 160 or consent of instructor; GEOG 360 recommended.
Examines the theories, concepts, and techniques that geographers use to explain the origin, growth, functions, and character of cities, including their location, internal organization, economic functions, transportation systems, social and cultural processes, and built and physical environments.
Not open for credit for students with credit in GEOG 366. Letter grade only (A-F).

465./565. Social Geography (3)

Prerequisite: GEOG 360 or consent of instructor.
The geographies of society, including various methodological and theoretical approaches to social geography. Topics may include socio-spatial inequality, crime, housing, religious systems, medical and health geography, feminist geography, the geography of sexuality, the geography of race, or poststructuralist geography.
Letter grade only (A-F).

467./567. Urban Geography: Metropolitan Problems (3)

Prerequisite: GEOG 360 or consent of instructor.
Geographic components of metropolitan problems and their solutions. Problems related to transportation systems, housing, evolution of ghettos, urban perception and behavioral patterns will be discussed in terms of theoretical and practically applied urban planning solutions.
Letter grade only (A-F). (Lecture, problems 3 hrs)

468. World Cities/Cities of the World (3)

Prerequisite: GEOG 360 or consent of instructor.
Comparative examination of major world cities within the context of their regional and national urban systems. Compares and contrasts cities of developed and developing worlds. Explores divergent urbanization patterns and world city development in major cultural realms.
Letter grade only (A-F).

470. Political Geography (3)

Prerequisite: GEOG 360 or consent of instructor.
Comparative study of the earth's politically organized regions and related systems. Varied approaches are explored, such as power analysis, genetic analysis, and functional analysis of political units. Stresses political geographic concepts used in analyzing the viability of states and nations.
Letter grade only (A-F). (Lecture, problems)

471. Geographic Information Science (GIS) For Health (3)

Prerequisite: GEOG 200 or SOC 250 or equivalent.
An Introduction to the fundamentals of Geographic Information Science and systems (GIS) including concepts and skills in spatial reasoning and spatial thinking. Explores GIS in spatial query, problem analysis and decision support using health-related applications. Lecture/discussion and Laboratory (2 hours seminar, 2 hours computer laboratory)
Letter grade only (A-F). Same course as HCA 471. Not open for credit to students with credit in HCA 471.

473. Remote Sensing (4)

Prerequisites GEOG 200 (or equivalent) and GEOG 280 or consent of instructor.
Processing and interpretation of aerial photographs and digital satellite imagery. Topics include the electromagnetic spectrum, energy-matter interactions, sensor characteristics, and the acquisition, processing and interpretation of imagery for applications including the analysis of vegetation dynamics, surface hydrology and urban environments.
Letter grade only (A-F).

474. Introduction to Digital Image Processing (4)

Prerequisite: GEOG 473 or consent of instructor.
Provides a background to the principles and concepts of digital image processing and the extraction of information from digital satellite data with focus various enhancement and extraction techniques, specifically, within the visible and near-infrared portions of the electromagnetic spectrum.
Letter grade only (A-F). (Seminar 3 hours; Laboratory 2 hours).

475./575. Geographical Applications in Remote Sensing (4)

Prerequisites: GEOG 473 or consent of instructor
Focuses on remote sensing applications. Students will be introduced to sophisticated imagery and analysis techniques, as applied to weather and fire modeling, arid lands environmental problems, or the urban environment.
Letter grade only (A-F).

481. Geographic Information Science for Natural Sciences (4)

Prerequisites: Junior/Senior/Graduate standing; GEOG 140 or BIOL 153 or GEOL 102.
Introduces fundamentals of geographic information science and systems (GIS) to non-geography students, including concepts and skills in spatial reasoning and spatial thinking. Explores GIS in spatial query, problem analysis and decision support, using biologic, geologic, and ecologic applications.

482. Map Design for Presentation and GIS (4)

Prerequisites: GEOG 200 or equivalent and GEOG 380 or consent of instructor.
Theory and techniques in the creation of thematic maps including design, generalization, and symbolization, with an emphasis on computer presentation methods.

484./584. Advanced Concepts in Presentation Cartography (4)

Prerequisite: GEOG 482 or consent of instructor.
Advanced theory and techniques for presentation cartography including communication, visualization, terrain representation, animation, and color.
Letter grade only (A-F).

485./585. Principles of Geographic Information Science (4)

Prerequisites: GEOG 200 or equivalent and GEOG 280; or consent of instructor.
Fundamental concepts and techniques of geographic information systems and science are introduced. Emphasizes spatial analyses to address spatial questions.
Letter grade only (A-F).

486. Field Methods in Landscape Analysis (4)

Prerequisite: GEOG 340 or equivalent and consent of instructor.
Introduction to field techniques, including formulation of field plans, recording direct observation, field mapping, sampling techniques, interviewing, and organizing and evaluating data for presentation.
Letter grade only (A-F). (Lecture-discussion 1 hour, supervised field work 6 hours)

487A. Applications of Geographic Information Science (GIS): Environment and Natural Resources (4)

Prerequisites: GEOG 485 or GEOG 585 or consent of instructor.
Use of Geographic Information Systems and science for spatial query, problem analysis, spatial modeling and decision support in natural resource assessment. Students with background in GIS are introduced to environmental applications. Emphasizes use of raster GIS.

487B. Applications of Geographic Information Science (GIS): Urban and Economic (4)

Prerequisites: GEOG 485 or GEOG 585 or consent of instructor.
Builds on introductory knowledge of Geographic Information Systems, spatial analysis and spatial data and focuses on urban and economic applications and analyses.

488./588. Geographic Information Science (GIS) Programming (4)

Prerequisite: GEOG 485 or GEOG 585 or consent of instructor
Introduction to programming techniques for Geographic Information Sciences and applications for geography and related disciplines.
(Seminar 3 hours; Laboratory 2 hours). Letter grade only (A-F).

492. Applied Internship (3)

Prerequisites: Upper division or graduate standing and consent of instructor. Open to majors only.
Practical experience in an appropriate business, government or community-based organization to enhance professional development.
Same course as ES P 495. Not open for credit to students with credit on ES P 495. (6 hours activity/laboratory). May be repeated to a maximum of 6 units; a second semester experience shall differ substantially from first semester experience. Undergraduates may elect Credit/No Credit or letter grading; letter grading only is required for graduate students. Student will work under faculty supervision.

494. Selected Topics in Geography (1‑3)

Prerequisite: Consent of instructor.
Application of geographical concepts and methodology to selected contemporary problems.
May be repeated to a maximum of 6 units with consent of department chair. Topics announced in the Schedule of Classes. May not be credited toward the major in geography without written department consent in advance of enrollment.

495. Field Training in Geospatial Techniques (1-6)

Prerequisites: GEOG 140, GEOG 473, GEOG 485 or consent of instructor
In this advanced applied geography course students will enhance their knowledge of geospatial techniques (geographic information science, remote sensing) and apply these skills to address geographic and spatial questions through a combination of intense hands-on field work and data analyses.
Letter grade only (A-F). (3 - 18 hours Activity)

497. Directed Studies (1‑3)

Prerequisite: Consent of instructor.
Individually directed studies of special problems in geography.
May be repeated to a maximum of 6 units with consent of department chairperson. May not be credited toward the major in geography without written department consent in advance of enrollment.


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