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Geological Sciences

Courses - GEOL Upper Division

300I. Earth Systems and Global Change (3)

Prerequisites: GE Foundation requirement, upper division standing, and CHEM 100 or CHEM 111A or GEOL 102 or GEOL 106 with a grade of "C" or better.
Interaction of Earth's systems (biosphere, lithosphere, hydrosphere, cryosphere, and atmosphere) and links between life, oceans, climate, and the solid earth. This approach is used to understand important issues confronting society regarding climatic and environmental change.
Letter grade only (A-F). (Lecture 3 hrs.)

303. Coastal Systems and Human Impacts (3)

Prerequisites: GE Foundation requirement, one or more Exploration courses, and upper-division standing; BIOL 200; GEOL 102 or 160.
Natural processes impacting human activities in coastal zone and human influence on natural processes. Includes global warming, sea level rise, El Nino, port development, ocean outfalls and water quality, fisheries, and coastal erosion.
May not apply units towards elective requirements of Geology and Earth Science majors. Letter grade only (A-F). Not open for credit to students with credit in BIOL 303. (Lecture 3 hrs.)

322. Crystallography, Mineralogy and Optical Methods (5)

Prerequisites: GEOL 250; CHEM 101 or 111A.
Morphological and structural crystallography, crystal structure, chemistry, classification, origin, occurrence, and association of minerals reviewed. Analysis and identification of minerals by megascopic, qualitative, chemical, and instrumental means. Optical properties of minerals reviewed including nature of light. Petrographic microscope used.
Letter grade only (A-F). (Lecture 3 hrs., laboratory 6 hrs., field trip)

339. Introduction to Geomorphology (3)

Prerequisites: GEOL 102 with 104 or 105; or GEOL 106; or GEOG 140.
Study of landforms and processes producing and modifying them. Emphasis on mechanics of geomorphic processes and relationships between properties of earth materials and forces applied to them by gravity, wind, ice, water, waves, and humans. Conceptual basis of geomorphology addressed.
Designed for Geology, Geography, Biology, Anthropology, and Civil Engineering majors. Letter grade only (A-F). (Lecture 2 hrs., laboratory 3 hrs., field trips).

341. Paleontology and Biostratigraphy (4)

Prerequisites: GEOL 240 and BIOL 200.
Morphologic, systematic, and ecologic aspects of invertebrate fossils; methods and techniques in collection, preparation, illustration, and description of fossils; uses of fossils in stratigraphic work; principles of biostratigraphy.
(Lecture 3 hrs., laboratory 3 hrs., fieldtrips) Course fee may be required.

350. Spring Field Geology (2)

Prerequisites: GEOL 250 and 443 with grades of "C" or better. Prerequisite/Corequisite: GEOL 433.
Development of proficiency in geological mapping skills. Construction of stratigraphic columns and structural cross sections.
Letter grade only (A-F). (Field trips, 5 days per unit)

364. Introduction to Geological Oceanography (2)

Prerequisites: GEOL 102 or 160; and CHEM 111A or MATH 122, or consent of instructor.
Topography and structure of ocean floor. Waves, currents, and tides as agents of sedimentation. Geological processes effect on the sea floor environment. Tectonic and sedimentary history of ocean basins and continental margins. Shipboard techniques in marine geology.
(Lecture 2 hrs.; sea trips.)

370. Geology for Engineers (2)

Prerequisites: MAE 172, CE 130.
Earth processes and materials which influence the design, construction and operation of engineering works, construction materials. Not open for credit to geology majors.
(Lecture 2 hrs., field trips.)

410./510. Biogeochemical Cycles (3)

Prerequisites: GEOL 102, 300I or 461; BIOL 200 or 211A,B or BIOL 211, 211L, 212, 212L, 213, and 213L; MATH 122; CHEM 111A, B; or GEOL 191. (Undergraduates enroll in GEOL 410; graduates enroll in GEOL 510.)
Study of carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus, iron, and sulfur cycles among the bio-, hydro-, and geospheres with an emphasis on transfer rates, mass balance, and residence times. Evaluation of processes and interactions among key ecosystems (wetlands, rivers, ocean, lakes, estuaries).
Letter grade only (A-F). (Lecture 3 hrs.)

420. Geowriting (3)

Prerequisites: Upper division or graduate standing in the College of Natural Sciences and Mathematics; ENGL 100 or equivalent; a course in geology; consent of instructor.
Writing for scientific audience; writing scientific content at an advanced level emphasized. Journal article and abstracts reviewed. Includes handling descriptive scientific data, distinction between data and interpretation, logic and argument, clarity of style, and writing for specific audiences. Extensive writing. Enrollment limited.
Letter grade only (A-F). (Lecture 3 hrs.)

424./524. Sedimentary Petrology (4)

Prerequisites: GEOL 322 and 443. (Undergraduates enroll in GEOL 424; graduates enroll in GEOL 524.)
Microscopic and macroscopic study of the origin and diagenesis of sedimentary rocks. Identification of grain types, textures, structures, and cements emphasizing provenance, paleotectonics, paleoenvironmental reconstructions, and post-depositional alteration.
Letter grade only (A-F). (Lecture 3 hrs., laboratory 3 hrs.)

428. Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology and Petrography (4)

Prerequisites: GEOL 322; CHEM 111A, B.
Magmatic and metamorphic rock bodies and systems characteristics, including mineralogical and chemical aspects. Fabrics' origin, evolution of igneous and metamorphic rocks, modeling of magma genesis. Microscopic, hand specimen and x-ray analysis of rocks, including fabric and mineral content.
Letter grade only (A-F). (Lecture 2 hrs., laboratory 6 hrs., and field trips)

430./530. Seminar in Structural Geology and Tectonics (3)

Prerequisite: GEOL 433. (Undergraduates enroll in GEOL 430; graduates enroll in GEOL 530.)
Review of analysis, interpretation and origin of geologic structures, mechanics of rock deformation and of large scale crustal deformation.
(Lecture 2 hrs., laboratory 3 hrs.; field trips.)

431./531. Tectonic Geomorphology (4)

Prerequisite: GEOL 433. (Undergraduates enroll in GEOL 431; graduates enroll in GEOL 531.)
Observation and analysis of Earth surface processes, and development of landforms and landscape. Interaction between surficial processes and tectonic, biologic, hydrologic, climatic, and atmospheric processes. Tectonic generated landforms, earthquake hazards evaluated, and geomorphic assessment. Assessing problems including landforms and environmental hazards.
Letter grade only (A-F). (Lecture 2 hrs., laboratory 6 hrs., field trips).

433. Structural Geology (4)

Prerequisites: GEOL 250, 322; PHYS 151.
Theories/principles of structural geology, orogenesis, and tectonics. Planar/linear structures in naturally deformed rocks. Description, classification, interpretation, and kinematic and dynamic analysis of faults/folds. Field measurement, analysis and mapping of structures. Deformation, strength, fracture, and rheological properties of rocks.
Letter grade only (A-F). (Lecture 3 hrs., laboratory 3 hrs., required field trips)

443. Stratigraphy/Sedimentology (4)

Prerequisites: GEOL 240, 322.
Introduction to sedimentology and stratigraphy, flow mechanics and sedimentary structures, laboratory and field methods for the description and classification of sedimentary rocks, depositional systems, sequence stratigraphy, subsurface stratigraphic methods, sedimentation and tectonics, and preparation of sedimentologic field reports.
Not open for credit to students with credit in GEOL 343. Letter grade only (A-F). (Lecture 3 hrs., laboratory 3 hrs., required field trips)

444./544. Engineering Geology (4)

Prerequisites: GEOL 250, 273, 322; MATH 122, 123; CHEM 111A,B; PHYS 151, 152. (Undergraduates enroll in GEOL 444; graduates enroll in GEOL 544.)
In depth study of the fundamentals of engineering geology and related hazards. Evaluation of aggregate, cement and grouts. Soil and rock engineering characteristics.
Letter grade only (A-F). (Lecture 3 hrs, laboratory 3 hrs.; field trips.)

450. Summer Field Geology (4)

Prerequisites: GEOL 350, 428, 433, and 443.
Four weeks of geological field mapping at a selected area. Preparation of geological reports of the field problems.
Course fee may be required. (Lecture as needed, daily field work)

454./554. Environmental Geochemistry (3)

Prerequisites: CHEM 111B and consent of instructor.
Geochemical cycles. Human interference with cycles. Trace elements, health and agriculture. Clay mineral reactions. Groundwater chemistry. Reading and discussion of research articles; projects in environmental geochemistry.
Letter grade only (A-F). (Lecture 3 hrs., field trips.)

460. Introduction to Geophysics (3)

Prerequisites: PHYS 151, 152; MATH 123; and GEOL 273.
Introduction to geophysics; principles and processes; methods of investigation.
Letter grade only (A-F). (Lecture 2 hrs., laboratory 3 hrs., field trips.)

461. Introduction to Geochemistry (3)

Prerequisites: CHEM 111A,B and MATH 123.
Abundance and migration of elements in the earth; chemical processes in evolution of earth and its crust including geochemistry of organic compounds.
Letter grade only (A-F). (Lecture 2 hrs., laboratory 3 hrs.)

462. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth's Interior (3)

Prerequisites: GEOL 240, 428; PHYS 152.
Structure and composition of the Earth's interior. Origin and evolution of the Earth. Review of geophysical data, petrologic analyses, and other types of evidence for Earth structure and compositional models.
Letter grade only (A-F). (Lecture 3 hrs.)

465./565. Physical and Chemical Oceanography (3)

Prerequisites: CHEM 111B; PHYS 100B, and upper division standing in the College of Natural Sciences and Mathematics or Engineering. (Undergraduates enroll in GEOL 465; graduates enroll in GEOL 565.)
Physics and chemistry of the oceans, carbon cycle; minor and trace elements in sea water, nutrients, water masses and currents; physical concepts and interpretative theories related to ocean circulation.
(Lecture 3 hrs.)

466. Oceanography Laboratory and Ocean Studies (1)

Prerequisite/Corequisite: GEOL 465.
Analysis and interpretation of oceanographic data, acquisition of data at sea on field trip, and post-cruise analysis and presentation of results.
Not open for credit to students with credit in GEOL 462. (Laboratory 3 hrs., sea trips.)

471. Petroleum Geology and Well Log Analysis (4)

Prerequisites: GEOL 240, 443.
Geological application in exploration and production of petroleum, including uses of surface and subsurface techniques. Basic well logging techniques employed, including data collection, reduction, interpretation, and integration among various logging methods as well as with surface geology and geophysical data.
(Lecture 2 hrs., laboratory 6 hrs., field trips.)

474./574. Physical Hydrology (3)

Prerequisites: GEOL 102, MATH 122; PHYS 151. (Undergraduates enroll in GEOL 474; graduates enroll in GEOL 574.)
Quantitative study of the terrestrial water cycle; prediction and measurement of precipitation, surface water, soil water, and groundwater.
Letter grade only (A-F). (Lecture 2 hrs, lab/field trips 3 hrs)

477./577. Hydrogeology (4)

Prerequisites: GEOL 102, 104; CHEM 111B; PHYS 152; MATH 123. (Undergraduates enroll in GEOL 477; graduates enroll in GEOL 577.)
Groundwater flow, occurrence, development, chemistry, and contamination. Elementary groundwater flow theory. Well hydraulics.
Letter grade only (A-F). (Lecture 3 hrs., laboratory 3 hrs.)

486./586. Engineering Geophysics (3)

Prerequisite/Corequisite: GEOL 460. (Undergraduates enroll in GEOL 486; graduates enroll in GEOL 586.)
Applying geophysical techniques to geology and hydrogeology problems. Geophysical techniques, and identification and utilization of specialized techniques. Case histories in site evaluations, subsiding areas, basement topography mapping, seawater problems, water table mapping, groundwater contamination, and subsurface cavities detection.
Letter grade only (A-F). (Lecture 2 hrs., laboratory 3 hrs.; field trips.) Course fee may be required.

489. Current Topics in Geological Sciences (3)

Prerequisite: Consent of instructor.
Topics of current interest in the geological sciences selected for intensive development.
May be repeated to a maximum of 6 units. Field trips may be required. (Lecture 2 hrs., laboratory 3 hrs.)

  • B. Urban Geology

490. Current Topics in Geological Sciences (1-3)

Prerequisite: Consent of instructor.
Topics of current interest in the geological sciences selected for intensive development.
May be repeated to a maximum of 6 units. Field trips may be required.

  • K. Economic Mineral Deposits

496. Investigations in Geology and Other Earth Sciences (1-4)

Prerequisites: Senior standing in geology, earth science or related fields, completion of an upper division course in geology or earth science in the area of the topics chosen and approval of the topic chosen by the Geological Sciences faculty.
Supervised research in geology or the other earth sciences. Field trips may be required.