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California State University, Long Beach
Psychology
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Ann Young

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PSYCHOLOGY MASTER’S THESIS ABSTRACT
Industrial/Organizational
December 1994

Eldercare and Childcare: A Comparative Study on Work/Family Conflict,
Organizational Commitment and Perceived Organizational Support

This study examined effects of nonsupported eldercare responsibilities and highly supported childcare responsibilities on employees.  Two levels of company-sponsored family support programs and how they affected organizational commitment, perceived organizational support and work/family conflict were examined.

Participants were selected from an aerospace company in Southern California.  A 43-item survey was completed by 32 employees who had children enrolled at the company’s on-site childcare facility and 30 employees who supported elders.  The first dependent variable was measured using a 15-item Organizational Commitment Questionnaire.  The second variable was measure using an eight-item version of the Survey of Perceived Organizational support and eight items from a role conflict questionnaire.
Analyses using t-tests were conducted to test the hypotheses.  Nonsignificant relationships were found for the dependent measures of organizational commitment and perceived organizational support.  A significant but unpredicted relationship was found between work/family conflict and the independent variable of level of company support.