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California State University, Long Beach
Department of Speech-Language Pathology

ASHA Competencies

Associated Department Courses (Undergraduate and Graduate)

Note: The following Student Learning Outcomes span courses within the Department at the undergraduate and graduate level. These competencies are evaluated in associated coursework and stated in course syllabi. Competencies fulfill American Speech-Language and Hearing Association (ASHA) standards for accredited programs.

The student will demonstrate knowledge of basic human communication and swallowing processes, including their biological, neurological, acoustic, psychological, developmental, and linguistic and cultural bases (Standard III-B), as follows:

BIOLOGICAL BASIS OF HUMAN COMMUNICATION AND SWALLOWING

Student describe or visually identify the anatomy & physiology of:

Associated CD Course

Speech & non-speech breathing
Phonation
Articulation & resonance
Hearing, including the outer, middle, and inner ear
Swallow, including oral & pharyngeal phases

 

NEUROLOGICAL BASIS OF HUMAN COMMUNICATION AND SWALLOWING

Student will describe, explain or identify:

Associated CD Course

Major CNS & PNS structures and functions
Signal transmission in the CNS and PNS
Describe transmission of sound waves through air
Functions of cranial nerves involved in speech, balance, hearing, & swallowing
Information derived from major neuro-imaging techniques
Auditory pathways & processes in the CNS

 

ACOUSTIC BASIS OF HUMAN COMMUNICATION AND
SWALLOWING

Student will be able to:

Associated CD Course

Explain source-filter model of speech production

Describe acoustic cues for perception of speech sounds

Describe transmission of sound waves through air

Define parameters of sound waves (frequency, amplitude, phase, wavelength)

Explain measurement of sound intensity using the dB scale

Explain psychoacoustic properties of sound and related measurements

 

PSYCHOLOGICAL BASIS OF HUMAN COMMUNICATION AND SWALLOWING

Student will describe, explain, or identify:

Associated CD Course

Basic neurological functions related to attention, memory, & learning
Theories of learning & behavior
Varieties of learning and interaction styles across individuals, age groups, and cultures

 

DEVELOPMENTAL BASIS OF HUMAN COMMUNICATION AND SWALLOWING

Student describes, explain or summarize:

Associated CD Course

Changes in speech across the lifespan
Changes in swallowing across the lifespan
Changes in hearing across the lifespan
Development of written & oral language from infancy through adolescence
Prominent theories of language acquisition
Stages & processes of cognitive development
Key features of bilingual/2nd language development

 

LINGUISTIC BASIS OF HUMAN COMMUNICATIVE AND SWALLOWING

Student will able to:

Associated CD Course

Transcribe normal speech using IPA (sentence length)
Define phonological rules & identify phonological processes in normal speech
Identify the major components of language
Perform basic morphological & syntactic analysis

 

CULTURAL BASIS OF HUMAN COMMUNICATION AND SWALLOWING

Student will be able to:

Associated CD Course

Differentiate between speech differences & disorders
Differentiate between language differences & disorders
Describe key cultural variables that influence communication.

 

The student will:

Demonstrate knowledge of the nature of speech, language, hearing, and communication disorders and differences and swallowing disorders, including the etiologies, characteristics, anatomical/physiological, acoustic, psychological, developmental, and linguistic and cultural correlates (Standard III-C).

And

Possess knowledge of the principles and methods of prevention, assessment, and intervention for people with communication and swallowing disorders including consideration of anatomical/physiological, psychological, developmental, and linguistic and cultural correlates of the disorder (Standard III-D), as follows:

ARTICULATION DISORDERS

Student will be able to:

Associated CD Course

Select common standardized & non-standardized assessments to identify articulation and phonological disorders
Distinguish between articulation and phonological disorders
Design appropriate treatment plans for common articulation & phonological disorders
Identify characteristics of major dysarthria types, including apraxia of speech and developmental apraxia of speech
Select common standardized and non-standardized assessments to diagnose dysarthria and apraxia
Design appropriate treatment plans for clients with dysarthria and apraxia

 

FLUENCY DISORDERS

Student will able to:

Associated CD Course

Describe major theories of stuttering
Identify key characteristics of stuttering
Contrast stuttering and normal non-fluency in young children
Demonstrate knowledge of common fluency assessment procedures
Evaluate treatment approaches for child and adult stutterers

 

VOICE AND RESONANCE DISORDERS, INCLUDING ESPIRATION AND PHONATION

Student will be able to:

Associated CD Course

Identify common voice and resonance disorders

Perform low technology assessment of voice,
resonance, and respiration

Evaluate high technology assessment of
phonation including videostroboscopy

Implement intervention for common voice
disorders consistent with current standards of care

 

 

RECEPTIVE AND EXPRESSIVE LANGUAGE IN SPEAKING, LISTENING, READING, WRITING, AND MANUAL MODALITIES:

 

FOR DISORDERS OF DEVELOPING LANGUAGE

Student will able to:

Associated CD Course

Describe common patterns and related factors
Select and interpret appropriate diagnostic procedures for common disorders
Implement appropriate treatment plans for common disorders

 

FOR DISODERS OF ACQUIRED LANGUAGE

Student will able to:

Associated CD Course

Describe symptoms and differentiate among aphasia, TBI, dementia, right hemisphere dysfunction, and normal aging
Select and interpret appropriate diagnostic procedures for common acquired disorders
Implement appropriate treatment plans for common acquired disorders

 

HEARING DISORDERS, INCLUDING THE IMPACT ON SPEECH AND LANGUAGE

Associated CD Course

Describe common disorders of outer, middle, and inner ear & auditory nervous system
Explain effect of severity and onset of hearing loss on speech & language skills
Perform screening assessment of hearing
Identify current amplification techniques and assistive devices for hearing loss
Explain current issues & scope of practice regarding central auditory processing disorders

 

SWALLOWING DISORDERS

Student will be able to:

Associated CD Course

Identify oral, pharyngeal, & esophageal
swallow deficits throughout the lifespan

Interpret major features in videofluorographic evaluation of swallow
Describe current high technology approaches to the assessment of swallow, including FEES
Evaluate appropriate intervention for common oral & pharyngeal swallow disorders
Evaluate current issues related to oral myofunctional treatment

 

COGNITIVE ASPECTS OF COMMUNICATION

Student will be able to:

Associated CD Course

Describe relation of deficits in attention, memory, & higher cognitive skills to communication skills
Select appropriate diagnostic procedures to assess cognitive skills related to communication
Implement modifications of treatment approaches based on client’s cognitive abilities

 

SOCIAL ASPECTS OF COMMUNICATION

Student is able to:

Associated CD Course

Describe techniques to elicit and support appropriate behaviors in clinic, home, and school situations
Evaluate methods to facilitate social skills for communication and maximize communication opportunities
Implement appropriate social interaction guidelines for clients of diverse cultural backgrounds

 

COMMUNICATION MODALITIES INCLUDING ORAL, MANUAL, & AAC/ASSISTIVE TECHNOLOGIES

Student is able to:

Associated CD Course

Describe best communication modality and appropriate communication supports for children and adults in treatment settings
Describe methods of manual communication
Describe appropriate use of interpreters when dealing with Deaf clients and caregivers
Describe appropriate low & high technology AAC strategies for children and adults
Design low technology AAC devices to support treatment goals for children or adults

 

The student will demonstrate knowledge of standards of ethical conduct (Standard III -E), as follows:

Student will be able to:

Associated CD Course

Evaluate the purpose of the ASHA Code of Ethics and provide accurate interpretations for hypothetical situations
696

 

The student will demonstrate knowledge of processes used in research and the integration of research principles into evidence-based clinical practice (Standard III-F), as follows:

Student is able to:

Associated CD Course

Independently access appropriate research literature
Critically evaluate research literature
Describe various techniques for measuring the effectiveness of manipulation of independent variables
Apply research literature to assessment and treatment practice across a variety of disorders & age groups
Apply appropriate measures of assessment and treatment effectiveness across a variety of disorders

 

The student will demonstrate knowledge of contemporary professional issues, as follows:

Student will:

Associated CD Course

Submit a portfolio containing current information on a wide range of professional issues, including policies, practices, & guidelines Either 670 or 686A

 

The student will demonstrate knowledge about certification, specialty recognition, licensure, and other relevant professional credentials (Standard III-H), as follows:

Student will:

Associated CD Course

Submit a portfolio containing relevant documentation for professional credentials (state, national, and specialty recognition) Either 670 or 686A

 

The student will possess skill in oral and written or other forms of communication sufficient for entry into professional practice (Standard IV-B), as follows:

 

ORAL LANGUAGE

During CLINICAL PRACTICE, the student is able to:

Associated CD Course

Use language that is appropriate for the audience

CD669A-J AND CD686A or CD670

Use language that is accurate and provides concise information

CD669A-J AND CD686A or CD670

Communicate using spoken English consistent with ASHA’s position on nonstandard dialects and accents

CD669A-J AND CD686A or CD670

Use language at an equivalent standard when appropriate or when working with an interprete

CD669A-J AND CD686A or CD670

Attend and respond appropriately to oral language

CD669A-J AND CD686A or CD670

 

WRITTEN LANGUAGE

During CLINICAL PRACTICE, the student is able to:

Associated CD Course

Use written language that is appropriate for the audience

CD669A-J AND CD686A or CD670

Use correct elements of written style

CD669A-J AND CD686A or CD670

Use accurate and concise written information

CD669A-J AND CD686A or CD670

 

SOCIAL AND PERSONAL QUALITIES

During CLINICAL PRACTICE, the student is able to:

Associated CD Course

Communicate effectively, recognizing the needs, values, preferred mode of communication and cultural/linguistic background of the client and relevant others CD669A-J AND CD686A or CD670
Provide counseling regarding communication and swallowing disorders to clients and relevant others CD669A-J AND CD686A or CD670

 

EVALUATION

During CLINICAL PRACTICE, the student is able to:

Associated CD Course

Conduct screening and prevention procedures

CD669A-J AND CD686A or CD670

Collect case history information and integrates information from clients, relevant others and professionals

CD669A-J AND CD686A or CD670

Select and administer appropriate evaluation procedures

CD669A-J AND CD686A or CD670

Adapt evaluation procedures to meet the clients’ needs

CD669A-J AND CD686A or CD670

Interpret, integrate and synthesize all information to develop diagnosis and make appropriate intervention recommendations

CD669A-J AND CD686A or CD670


Complete administrative and reporting functions necessary to support evaluations

CD669A-J AND CD686A or CD670

Recommend referral of clients as appropriate

CD669A-J AND CD686A or CD670

 

INTERVENTION

During CLINICAL PRACTICE, the student is able to: Associated CD Course
Develop setting-appropriate intervention plans with measurable and achievable goals that meet the client’s needs

CD669A-J AND CD686A or CD670

Implement intervention plans, involving the client and relevant others in the intervention process.

CD669A-J AND CD686A or CD670

Measure and evaluate each clients’ performance and progress

CD669A-J AND CD686A or CD670

Modify intervention plans, strategies, materials or instruments as appropriate to meet the client’s needs

CD669A-J AND CD686A or CD670

Complete administrative and reporting functions necessary to support evaluations

CD669A-J AND CD686A or CD670

Recommend referral of clients as appropriate

CD669A-J AND CD686A or CD670